Adobe Photoshop: History and Background

Topics: Image editing, Adobe Photoshop, GIMP Pages: 14 (3576 words) Published: February 21, 2013
This chapter indicates the history or the background of the Adobe Photoshop CS5 and Gimp, the scope and limitations of both system and also the objectives of it and the definition of terms
In addition, the Photoshop was developed and distributed by the Adobe Photoshop Company. At the very beginning it was intended for editing images for print, but it has also gained popularity as a tool for creation and editing web graphics. This is another reason that it has become so popular. The last Photoshop versions also include the special application – Image Ready, which was added specifically for work with web graphics easier.GIMP has got an official version for Mac users in history. We’ve included this build into our downloads section too, and users that are surfing on our site will automatically get this official build suggested from now on. 1.2 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

This story begins in 1987 when 2 brothers, Thomas Knoll and John Knoll started developing Photoshop. In 1989 they completed the project and called it Photoshop 1.0.

Adobe became interested in this project and the first version of Photoshop was released in 1990. It was about 1.4 Mb, and could be placed on a single floppy-disk. Initially

Photoshop was created for the Macintosh platform. Compatibility updates for Windows, IRIX, and Solaris was added later. At present Photoshop can be used on Windows and Macintosh platforms. Photoshop CS5 was launched on 12 April 2010.In a video posted on its official Facebook page, the development team revealed the new technologies under development, including three-dimensional brushes and warping tools. In May 2011, Adobe Creative Suite 5.5 (CS5.5) was released, with new versions of some of the applications. Its version of Photoshop, 12.1, is identical to the concurrently released update for Photoshop CS5; version 12.0.4, except for support for the new subscription pricing that was introduced with CS5.5.

CS5 introduces new tools such as the Content-Aware Fill, Refine Edge, Mixer Brush, Bristle Tips and Puppet Warp. The community also had a hand in the additions made to CS5 as 30 new features and improvements were included by request. These include automatic image straightening, the Rule-of-Thirds cropping tool, color pickup and saving an 16-bit image as a JPEG. Another feature includes the Adobe Mini Bridge which allows for efficient file browsing and management.CS5 Extended includes everything in CS5 plus features in 3D and video editing. A new materials library was added, providing more options such as Chrome, Glass, and Cork.The new Shadow Catcher tool can be used to further enhance 3D objects.For motion graphics, the tools can be applied to over more than one frame in a video sequence. CS5 and CS5 Extended were made available through Adobe's online store, Adobe Authorized Resellers and Adobe direct sales. Both CS5 and CS5 Extended are offered as either a stand-alone application or feature of Adobe Creative Suite 5.The price for CS5 is US$699 and the extended version is US$999. Both products are compatible with Intel-based Mac OS andWindows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7.

GIMP was originally released as the General Image Manipulation Program,by creatorsSpencer Kimball and Peter Mattis. Development of GIMP began in 1995 as a semester-long project at the University of California, Berkeley; The first public release of GIMP (0.54) was made in January 1996 and in the following year (1997) GIMP became a part of the GNU Project. The acronym GIMP was changed to mean the GNU Image Manipulation Program in reflection of its existence under the GNU Project. CurrentlyGIMP is developed by a self-organized group of volunteers under the banner of the GNOME Project. The number of computer architectures and operating systems GIMP supported has expanded significantly since its first release. The first release supported UNIX systems such as GNU/Linux, SGI IRIX and HP-UX. Since the initial release,...
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