Administration of Medication

Topics: Pharmacology, Myocardial infarction Pages: 6 (1603 words) Published: September 14, 2015
Unit – ASM34

1.1 - Identify current legislation guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication.

The Medicines Acts 1968 and various amendments cover the legal management of medication. While care staffs are not expected to have detailed knowledge of the legislation, they do need to be aware of the legal difference between types of drugs and the legal framework that allows them to handle medicines on behalf of the service user. The following is a list of legislation that has a direct impact upon the handling of medication within a social care setting.

The Medicines Act 1968
The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
The Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations 1973 SI 1973 No 798 as amended by Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001 The Social Work Act 1968 as amended by The Regulation of Care Act 2001 The Data Protection Act 1998

The Care Standards Act 2000
The Regulation of Care Act 2001
The Health and Social Care Act 2001
The Health Act 2006
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
The Control of Substances Hazardous to health Regulations 1999 (COSHH) Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005
Mental Capacity Act 2005
The Access to health records Act 1990

This list is not exhaustive, organisations and all staff should be enabled to access documentation pertinent to the administration of medication like the examples listed above. The National Minimum Standards require the registered person puts in place policies and procedures for the receipt, recording, storage, administration and disposal of medicines.

2.1 - Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects.

Analgesics: i.e. Codeine, used for pain relief, side effects can be light-headedness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, and sedation. Codeine can also cause allergic reactions, symptoms of which include constipation, abdominal pain, rash and itching.

Antibiotics: i.e. Amoxicillin, a Penicillin based antibiotic which fights bacteria in your body. It can only be taken if you are not allergic to Penicillin and do not have asthma, liver or kidney disease, or a history of diarrhoea caused by antibiotics. It is used to treat many different types of infections, such as ear infections, chest infections, and salmonella however it can cause side effects including sores inside your mouth, fever, swollen glands, joint pain, muscle weakness, severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash, yellowed skin, yellowing of the eyes, dark coloured urine, confusion or weakness, easy bruising, and vaginal itching.

Anti-hypertensive: i.e. Lisonopril used for lowering blood pressure, it is also effective in the treatment of congestive heart failure, and to improve survival after a heart attack. Not to be used by people with liver or kidney disease, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis. Side effects can include feeling faint, restricted urination, stomach swelling, and flu like symptoms, heart palpitations, chest pains, skin rash, depressed mood, vomiting and diarrhoea.

Antidepressants: i.e. Fluoxetine work by changing the chemical balance in the brain and that can in turn change the psychological state of the mind such as for depression. Common side effects include: blurred vision, dizziness,drowsiness, increased appetite, nausea, restlessness, shaking or trembling, and difficulty sleeping. Other side effects include: dry mouth, constipation, and sweating.

Anticoagulants: i.e. Warfarin. Anticoagulants are used to prevent blood clotting A side effect common to all anticoagulants is the risk of excessive bleeding (haemorrhages). This is because these medicines increase the time that it takes clots to form. If clots take too long to form, then you can experience excessive bleeding. Side effects may include passing blood in your urine, or faeces, severe bruising, prolonged nosebleeds (lasting longer than 10...
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