Administration and Politics Dichotomy

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Administration and Politics Dichotomy 1

Woodrow Wilson’s essay, “The Study of Administration” (1887), is about the

separation of politics and administration in public administration. There is still a lot of

debating among politicians and scholars alike whether this dichotomy is practical or not.

There are some advantages and disadvantages about this theory.

Wilson believed that it was needed to discover what the government could

successfully do and how it could be done more efficiently; that the government needed to

be reformed. He developed this theory because of increased corruption, urbanization and

immigration. Due to these issues, he believed that less qualified people were getting

public service jobs, therefore contributing to the increasing inefficiency of public

administration. Wilson felt that politics should determine what the government should

actually do and be decided by elected representatives. He believed administration should

be the ones to put these policies into effect by appointed civil servants.

In a euphoric world a political administration dichotomy would provide a solid

foundation to a nation. It could even be beneficial in a society that is evolving; such as Administration and Politics Dichotomy 2
one coming out of a third world status, the fall of a dictatorship, or even the overthrow of

communism or socialism. This form of government can work well at a small town

environment where there is a town manager to run the day to day operations of the

community and a board of alderman (possibly also known as town council) that creates

the laws the community operates under.

That being said, it is my opinion that in...
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