PA 445 ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
UPPER IOWA UNIVERSITY
25 FEBRUARY 2013
The United States Veterans Administration (VA) is the second largest agency in the federal government. The VA has the most comprehensive health care system for veterans than any other country. The concept of the Veterans Administration dates back to the early 1600s when the pilgrims developed a program to help developed to help Soldiers when hurt in war. In 1776, the Continental Congress provided pensions to Soldiers injured in the Revolutionary War. Congress thought it would entice people to help fight in the war. Today, the VA provides benefits to approximately one-percent of the American population that have served their country in one of the five branches of military service. This paper will discuss the history, mission, changing roles, major problems, and which organizations are interested in the administrative law of the VA. History of the Veterans Administration
The first law passed stated that the colony would support the disabled soldiers. The federal government expanded their role during the Revolutionary War in 1776. The Continental Congress established administrative law that provided a pension for soldiers who were disabled during the war. In the 19th century, the nation expanded to provide veteran’s assistance programs, which expanded to include benefits and pensions to a veteran’s widow and dependents. Congress established a new system of veteran’s benefits when the United States entered World War I in 1917. (Veterans Administration, 2013) The VA implemented programs to provide disability compensation, insurance for service persons and veterans, and vocational rehabilitation for the disabled. The United States, in the 1920’s, established the Veterans Bureau, the Bureau of Pensions of the Interior Department, and the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. In the 1930’s President Hoover, on approval from Congress, signed into law to consolidate the three agencies and creating the Veterans Administration. Congress created and developed Chapter 38 of the Code of Federal Regulation to provide formal rules for the agency to follow. In March of 1989, President Bush signed into law that the Department of Veterans Administration would be a Cabinet-level position. President Bush hailed the creation of the new Department saying, "There is only one place for the veterans of America, in the Cabinet Room, at the table with the President of the United States of America." (Veterans Administration, 2013) Mission of the Veterans Administration
The mission statement is based on the philosophy of President Lincoln, “To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan.” (Veterans Administration, 2013). In 1930, the VA had 54 hospitals across the country providing care to thousands of military veterans. To date, the VA has 152 hospitals, 800 community based outpatient clinics, 126 nursing home care units, and 35 domiciliaries. The VA developed seven values to help support the mission statement. The first value is Compassion and it states that the VA will treat all veterans and their families with the utmost dignity and compassion. The VA will provide services in a caring manner, with a sympathetic consciousness of others’ distress together with a desire to alleviate it. The second value, Commitment, states that veterans have earned the gratitude and respect from the government and their health care, benefits, and memorial service needs to drive their actions. The third value, excellence, states that that the VA will strive to exceed the expectations of veterans and their families and strive to perform at the highest level of competence and take pride in their accomplishments. The fourth value, professionalism, states that the VA’s success depends on maintaining a highly skilled, diverse, and compassionate workforce...