Subordinate clauses, like phrases,
can be used in sentences as if they
were single units.
The barking dog followed us home.
The dog, barking loudly, chased us.
The dog, which was barking loudly,
An adjective clause is a subordinate
clause that modifies a noun or a
It cannot stand by itself.
We need a dog that can guard.
An adjective clause usually follows the
word that it modifies.
There must be someone who can tell us
more about dogs.
Sometimes an adjective clause may
interrupt the main clause.
The dog that I like best is the Old English
Adjective clauses are often introduced
by relative pronouns.
A relative pronoun relates a clause to
the word or words that it modifies.
The most common relative pronouns
are who, which, and that.
Refers to people
People who own dogs may
Refers to animals or
Refers to people,
animals, or things
Anyone could enter early
dog shows, which were not
The group that regulates
dog shows is the American
You can also use the words where and
when to introduce adjective clauses.
This is a kennel where we left our dog.
Friday is the day when we left it.
Identify each relative pronoun and
adjective clause. Which noun or
pronoun does the clause modify?
A purebred dog is one that has parents of the same breed.
The American Kennel Club, which registers purebred dogs, is
known as the AKC.
Those who own purebred dogs often receive pedigree papers
from the club.
A dog that has a pedigree must have ancestors that are
known and registered.
Peggy’s dog looks like a beagle, which is a type of hound. Peggy has a friend who raises pedigreed beagles in order to
show them in dog shows.