Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder. It is characterized by developmentally inappropriate impulsivity, inattention, and in some cases hyperactivity. It is one of the most common childhood disorders. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder can continue through adolescence and adulthood. It affects between 5 to 8 percent of school age children, and between 2 to 4 percent of adults. Although individuals with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder can be very successful in life. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder can have very serious consequences in someone’s life without the appropriate identification and treatment. These consequences may include school failure, depression, conduct disorder, failed relationships, and substance abuse. Early identification and treatment are extremely important. Until recent years, it was believed that children outgrew ADHD in adolescence. This is because hyperactivity often diminishes during the teen years. However, it is now known that many symptoms continue into adulthood.
There are many causes for Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Research has demonstrated that ADHD has a very strong neurobiological basis. In instances where heredity does not seem to be a factor, difficulties during pregnancy, prenatal exposure to alcohol and tobacco, premature delivery, significantly low birth weight, excessively high body lead levels, and postnatal injury to the prefrontal regions of the brain have all been found to contribute to the risk for ADHD to varying degrees. Sometimes, ADHD often runs in the family, in our genes. Studies suggest a potential link between cigarette smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy can cause ADHD. Children who have suffered a brain injury may show some behaviors similar to those of ADHD.
What are the symptoms for Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? There are 3...