November 21, 2012
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
This paper will discuss Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as it is recognized by three main symptoms: hyperactivity-impulsivity, combined and inattention and how ADHD can be treated. Scientifically speaking, neurotransmitters in the brain are damaged, so this causes the person with ADHD to become spontaneous and easily distracted. The main cause of ADHD is still uncertain but scientists are linking ADHD to genetics. “Experts do know that ADHD has a strong genetic component. In addition, they think that genes that control the levels of certain chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters seem to be different in those with ADHD (Dendy, 39).” Next, the three types of ADHD will be explained: combined ADHD, inattentive ADHD, and hyperactive-impulsive ADHD along with the diagnosis and the treatment. ADHD of either inattentive, combined or hyperactivity-impulsive is not only among children, but also in adults and will be a struggle that no one will know about until they can relate. For children to be diagnosed with ADHD, they must have at least six different symptoms such as inability to sit still or difficulty focusing. A child with ADHD must also start showing signs at the age of six years old. When a person mentions Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) people often also associate Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) to be the same thing, which, in reality, they are not. The symptoms of ADHD include inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. These are traits that most children display at some point or another. It is thought that only children and adolescents under the age of 18 are affected by this, but, more adults over age 18 are affected by ADHD as well. To establish a diagnosis of ADHD,” the symptoms should be inappropriate for the child's age” (Barkely, 65). Children with ADHD have been known to mature slower than a normal child should. Their brain doesn’t mature as fast and they learn slower than most people. ADHD is most common in children and teens. With ADHD in adults, there may be some variation in symptoms. For instance, an adult may experience restlessness instead of hyperactivity. Another symptom is when A child with ADHD is given a task, they often become bored with it unless it’s something they enjoy. The combined ADHD is the most common type of ADHD, which includes all of the symptoms. These are individuals with ADHD who have both inattentive and hyperactive- impulsive behaviors. For a child to be diagnosed with the combined type of ADHD, they child or teen must show at least six characteristics under both ADD/inattentive and ADHD/hyperactive-impulsive, for a total of twelve or more symptoms. So in order to be diagnosed with this specific kind of ADHD, the child or teen is or was hyperactive and also had significant problems with inattention. The second form of ADHD is known as the inattentive type, which is marked by impaired attention and concentration. Early in the 1980’s, inattentive diagnosis was more commonly known as ADD without hyperactivity. Children and teenagers with ADD are more likely to be daydreamers who are not hyper and tend to be more laid back. It has been known with this particular form of ADHD that in the early childhood, they are less likely to act out and cause very few problems in their school surroundings. Some of the symptoms of inattentive are they can become very easily distracted, they tend to miss details, forget things, and frequently switch from one activity to another. They have a hard time paying attention when spoken to directly. They also tend to make careless mistakes and they have trouble keeping organized, finishing projects and planning ahead. Frequently loses or misplaces homework, books, toys, or other items. The third type of ADHD is hyperactive-impulsive ADHD, which is marked by hyperactivity without inattentiveness....