Adapting Communication in Children and Yound People

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TDA31-2.2 Explain how to adapt communication with children and young people for: * The age of the child or young person
* The context of the communication
* Communication differences.

Building relationships is important in children and young people. You need to adapt your behavior and communication accordingly. Assessing the situation and environment you are in. It is important that children in all situations feel secure and have a sense of value from you. Your interaction with them should show this. You need to be able to create a positive relationship with children and young people this in turn will create a positive relationship, which will allow them to feel, accepted as part of the school community.

* Age of a child or young person.

Different ages will require different levels of attention. It is up to you to be able to differentiate the different levels. A younger child may need assurance and more physical contact rather than an older child. As a child mature the physical contact is reduced and instead there is an increase level of confidence needed. They will need more help in expressing their opinions and thought across as well as involving themselves in discussion. Adapting your vocab is a good way to help progress in these levels as well as your response. Reacting positively by listening and responding to them accurately will help in their progress of effective communication.

For example – In the table below you can see the different levels of attention and interaction needed to different age groups

2 year olds| 5 year olds|
* Understanding more * Physical contact * Assurance * Large vocab (more than 300 words) * Starting to ask questions – Wanting to learn through response * Speech sounds developed with slight difficulty in more difficult soundsWays to adapt to these situations * If a child uses a sentence “ big doggy” you can respond helping them with their language but not making them feel unvalued by saying “yes that’s a big brown doggy woof! Woof!” * Showing the child that you understand. * Never correct a child’s word if unclear just repeat the sentence with the correct sounds. * Show them assurance when communicating * This will help develop and encourage the child to communicate effectively with you.| * Lots to say * Many questions asked * Learning to interact through peers. * Using longer sentences. * Lots of imaginative play – This can be a way to communicate with others.Ways you can adapt to these situations * Give them time to talk and express themselves * Repeat the conversation to them to show a level of understanding. This will show respect and value to them as an individual. * Respond with new questions this will help with confidence to respond back. As well as showing an interest in what is being spoken about. * A good way to communicate could be with board games. It will encourage the child into turn taking and attention skills as well as showing them you have time for them building a positive relationship. * Always remember to continue in professional care as a child is observing you and learning from it|

Context of the communication

The context of communication is one of the important roles in achieving good communication. It makes up different ways we engage and interact with communication. Having to deal with children in a variety of situations can be difficult. You need to be aware of this and adapt your communications skills to it. You need to be aware that a child needs to be focused when interacting. To ensure this always come down to their levels and apply warm eye contact. Deal with distraction to prevent interruptions occurring so the communication can flow. An example could be when talking to a pupil in a playground. It can be distracting on both parts Get...
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