Adaptation Behavior of the Coastal Population Due to Adverse Impact of Climate Change in Bangladesh

Topics: Bangladesh, Emergency management, Global warming Pages: 23 (6802 words) Published: May 11, 2013
Adaptation Behavior of the coastal population due to adverse impact of Climate Change in Bangladesh

Central Research Question :

What are the major adaptive behaviors of the people in response to climate change?

How government and other concerning authorities response according to their policy in order to cope with climate change?  
Importance of the research topic :

The world’s climate is changing and will continue to change into the coming century at rates projected to be unprecedented in recent human history. The risks associated with these changes are real but highly uncertain. Societal vulnerability to the risks associated with climate change may exacerbate ongoing social and economic challenges, particularly for those parts of societies dependent on resources that are sensitive to changes in climate. Risks are apparent in agriculture, fisheries and many other components that constitute the livelihood of rural populations in developing countries. In terms of the impact of climate change, few places in the world will experience the range of effects and the severity of changes that will occur in Bangladesh. These global warming-induced changes will almost all have negative impacts on the population of Bangladesh; a country that already has around half of its citizens living below the poverty line. Forced migration threatens to be a major consequence. Climate change adaptation urgently needs to be developed and applied in Bangladesh. Climate change will affect all areas of development work; mitigation and adaptation policies therefore need to be integrated into all existing projects and programs. So, this research topic is very important particularly in low-lying poor countries like Bangladesh, at huge risk of becoming displaced. Increased attention and funding to support adaptation initiatives that enable communities to sustain their livelihoods despite increasingly hostile environmental conditions will enable families to remain on their land.

A Brief Literature Review :

Climate change refers to any significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an extended period of time. In other words, climate change includes major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among other effects, that occur over several decades or longer. Our Earth is warming. Earth's average temperature has risen by 1.4°F over the past century, and is projected to rise another 2 to 11.5°F over the next hundred years. Small changes in the average temperature of the planet can translate to large and potentially dangerous shifts in climate and weather. The evidence is clear. Rising global temperatures have been accompanied by changes in weather and climate. Many places have seen changes in rainfall, resulting in more floods, droughts, or intense rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves. The planet's oceans and glaciers have also experienced some big changes - oceans are warming and becoming more acidic, ice caps are melting, and sea levels are rising. As these and other changes become more pronounced in the coming decades, they will likely present challenges to our society and our environment. The coastal areas of Bangladesh is different from rest of the country not only because of its unique geo-physical characteristics but also for different sociopolitical consequences that often limits people’s access to gifted resources and perpetuate risk and vulnerabilities. A vast river network, a dynamic estuarine system and a drainage basin intersect the coastal zone, which made coastal ecosystem as a potential source of natural resources, though there also have immense risk of natural disasters. Like many other scholars, Dr. Tasneem Siddiqui(2006) stated that Bangladesh is one of the most disaster prone countries in the world with great negative consequences being associated with various natural and human induced hazards. “The geophysical location, land...
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