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General Certificate of Secondary Education
January 2011

Sociology

41902

Unit 2
Monday 31 January 2011

1.30 pm to 3.00 pm

For this paper you must have:
 an AQA 12-page answer book.

Time allowed
 1 hour 30 minutes
Instructions
 Use black ink or black ball-point pen.
 Write the information required on the front of your answer book. The Examining Body for this paper is AQA. The Paper Reference is 41902.
 This paper is divided into four Topic Areas. Answer three Topics only. Topic 1: Answer all questions in Section 1 and one question from Section 2. Topic 2: Answer all questions in Section 3 and one question from Section 4. Topic 3: Answer all questions in Section 5 and one question from Section 6. Topic 4: Answer all questions in Section 7 and one question from Section 8.  Do all rough work in your answer book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked. Information

 The marks for questions are shown in brackets.
 The maximum mark for this paper is 90.
 Questions carrying 12 marks should be answered in continuous prose. In these questions you will be marked on your ability to:
– use good English
– organise information clearly
– use specialist vocabulary where appropriate.
Advice
 You are advised to spend about 30 minutes answering each of the three topics.

G/T64719/Jan11/41902

6/6/6/

41902

2
Topic 1: Crime and Deviance
Answer all questions in Section 1 and one from Section 2.

Total for this topic: 30 marks
Study Items A and B and answer the questions that follow.
Item A
Crime and Gender
Offenders found guilty or cautioned by type of offence, 2006, England and Wales Types of offence
Theft and handling stolen goods
Violence against the person
Drug offences
Burglary
Criminal damage
0

20

40

60
80
Thousands

100

120

140

Key
Males
Females

Item B
White Collar Crime
Traditionally, white collar crime has not been seen as something as serious as other types of crime, but it always has victims. The Serious Fraud Office has set up a helpline to make it easier for City of London workers to report financial crime. This is in response to rising levels of fraud. Hundreds of instances of fraud are now being reported by phone and email. The helpline has been set up as the Serious Fraud Office is under pressure to be tough on fraud and other white collar crime.

G/T64719/Jan11/41902

3
Section 1
0

1

From Item A, what is the most common type of crime for which females are found guilty or cautioned?
(1 mark)

0

2

From Item B, what has the Serious Fraud Office done to make it easier to report financial crime?
(1 mark)

0

3

Identify two reasons why people in society might label the behaviour of sub-cultural groups as deviant.
(2 marks)

0

4

Explain what sociologists mean by conformity when studying deviance.

0

5

Describe one way in which the government collects statistics about the level of crime in society and explain why this might not be an accurate picture of the number of crimes committed.
(5 marks)

0

6

Describe one way in which recent governments have tried to reduce anti-social behaviour and explain how successful this approach has been. (5 marks)

(4 marks)

Section 2
EITHER
0

7

Discuss how far sociologists would agree that women are less likely to commit crime than men.
(12 marks)

8

Discuss how far sociologists would agree that in Britain today working-class criminals are more likely to be convicted than middle-class and upper-class ‘white collar’ criminals. (12 marks)

OR
0

Turn over for the next topic

Turn over 
G/T64719/Jan11/41902

4
Topic 2: Mass Media
Answer all questions in Section 3 and one from Section 4.

Total for this topic: 30 marks
Study Items C and D and answer the questions that follow.
Item C
Muslims and the Media
A report from the Greater London Authority in 2007 found that newspapers in the United Kingdom are almost...
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