a) An Act of Parliament comes about when a bill is passed by initially the House of Commons and then The House of Lords in various stages. Once the reading stages and the committee stages of the bill are complete in both houses it is finally passed as an Act of Parliament by Royal Assent. An Example of an Act of Parliament is The Suicide Act 1961. b) The highest proportion of legislation is passed by way of Delegated legislation which is where an Act of Parliament is passed that provides the primary framework of the Act, but where the detail is left to a delegated authority or body to supply the relevant technical detail to speed up the process of passing legislation and ensure the relevance. There are various forms of delegated authorities such as Byelaws, Orders in Council, court rules or professional regulations, such as the Solicitors Regulation authority. c) The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the most senior appeal court in the United Kingdom; it deals with all final appeals in civil and criminal cases in the UK with the exception of Scottish criminal cases. It also has ultimate authority in any matters of devolution. In line with the common law system any decision made by The Supreme Court therefore make that decision mandatory in lower courts such as crown courts or high courts. d) The golden rule of statutory interpretation exists to ensure that when making a decision on how the law was intended a judge can ensure that when taking into account that intention he does not allow there to be a ridiculous outcome. The golden rule of statutory interpretation was use in the case of Adler v George (1964), when otherwise The Official Secrets Act 1920 would have produced an outcome that did not make sense e) A Directive is when legislation is created by the European Union that orders the member states to amend their own legislation to come into line with that of the European Union. Usually given a certain time frame to implement the change and...
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