Active and Passive Verb Form

Topics: Participle, Passive voice, English passive voice Pages: 4 (649 words) Published: March 30, 2013
Active / Passive Verb Forms

Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.

Active Form

In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.

Basic form: [Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]

Examples: - The professor teaches the students

- Jonh washes the dishes.

Passive Form

In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.

Basic form

[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]

| |Active |Passive | |Simple Present |Once a week, Tom cleans the house. |Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom. | |Present Continuous |Right now, Sarah is writing the letter. |Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah. | |Simple Past |Sam repaired the car. |The car was repaired by Sam. | |Past Continuous |The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Passive to Active Voices
  • Active and Passive Sentences Essay
  • Active and Passive voice Essay
  • Essay about Verb: General and Nonfinite forms
  • Active and Passive
  • Passive vs Active Euthanasia Essay
  • Active and Passive Euthanasia 2 Essay
  • Passive and Active Sentences Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free