Action Research: Poor Reading and Writing Among Students

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Introduction

An action research is any systematic inquiry conducted by teacher researchers, principals, school counselors, or other stakeholders in the teaching/learning environment, to gather information about the ways that their particular schools operate, how they teacher, and how well their students learn. This information is gathered with the goals of gaining insight, developing reflective practice, effective positive changes in the school environment and other educational practices in general, and improving student outcomes and the lives of those involved. (Mills, 2000, p. 6).

This research is about a problem that should be found within a school and how I as a research would go about studying this problem and how it can be solved. This research is about the poor reading and writing skills among a group of students from the Candybrooks High school and how this affects their writing skills and prevent them from becoming a educated member of society. Background to Problem

Writing well is not just an option for young people it is a necessity along with reading comprehension, writing skill is a predictor of academic success and a basic requirement for participation in civic life and in the global economy. Yet at the end of every academic year a large numbers of students graduate from high school unable to write at the basic levels required by colleges or employers. In addition, students are failing Basic English language reading and spelling and further dropping out of school because they lack the basic literacy skills to meet the growing demands of the high school curriculum (Kamil, 2003; Snow & Biancarosa, 2003). These students are the future of our nation they will become important members of society so it is important for them to be fully educated in order for them to survive in society. Also because the definition of literacy includes both reading and writing skills, poor writing proficiency should be recognized as an essential part of students learning. It is common for students in today's educational system to dislike and/or avoid the writing process. Many students feel writing takes too long. For some, writing is a very laborious task because there are so many sub-components which need to be pulled together. For others, the reason lies in some processing difficulties, such as dyslexia. Students with learning problems, even those who read well, frequently submit written work which is brief and/or difficult to read such students can be victims of misunderstandings, a problem which becomes much more pronounced at the secondary level. "Accusations of laziness, poor motivation, and a reprehensible attitude are often directed toward deficit writers the results of this can be a serious loss of motivation, a generalized academic disenchantment and demoralization" (Levine 1998, 363).

Problem Statement
Due to poor reading and writing skills among a group of fourth form students at the Candybrooks High school the students are unable express themselves when writing essays, comprehensions and descriptive pieces which causes them to not perform at the level of the school standard.

Research Question
What are the factors that contribute to fourth form students not mastering the reading and writing skills? How can English teachers help in developing the reading and writing skills among students? Is there a link between how students are taught and why they are not being able to properly express themselves in writing?

Purpose
The purpose of this proposal is to introduce journal writing to a group of fourth form students who have poor reading and writing skills which causes them to perform poorly in English language class but more specifically in writing essays, arguments and descriptive pieces. Therefore, in order to carry out this research proposal students will be supply with the required materials such as note book, pens and markers. Upon providing the materials needed the...
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