across culture

Topics: Asia, Far East, Western world Pages: 7 (1050 words) Published: May 10, 2015
THANG LONG UNIVERSITY
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION
Cultural Similarities and Differences between Eastern and Western INSTRUCTOR: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Do
Student name : Vu Thi Huyen Trang
Student code : A21888

Ha Noi, 2015
Table of Contents
1.Introduction……………………………………………………………………….01 2.Definition……..…………………………………………………………………..01 3.The Similarities…………………………………………………………………..02 3.1. Religion…………………………………………………….. 3.2. Zodiac………………………………………………………. 3.3. Communication…………………………………………….. 3.4. Status of Women…………………………………………… 3.5. Power Distance…………………………………………….. 3.6. New Year Celebration……………………………………... 02

02
03
03
03
04
4.The Differences…………….………….………………………………………….04 4.1. Non-verbal communication……………………………….. 05…………………………Eye Contact
05…………………………Touching
05………………………....Hand Gesture
06………………………….Posture
4.2. Eating Habit……………………………………………...… 06………………………….Food and Belief
08………………………….The Use of Cutlery
08………………………….Table Manner
4.3. The Use of Language………………………………..……. 4.4. Lifestyle………………………………………………….... 09………………………….Attitude toward Life, Love
10………………………….Characteristics
11………………………….Thinking Pattern
11………………………….Traditional Clothing
4.5. Religion…………………………………………………….. 05

06

08
09
and Time

12
5.Conclusion………………………………………………………………………..13 6.Resources of Information……………………………………………………….13

The term “culture” refers to the complex accumulation of knowledge, language, rules, rituals, beliefs, and customs that identify each society. Cultures take a long time to develop. There are many things that create culture and human is the main element. People are affected by their surrounding including their family, country, religion, and they react to their specific natural environment. Thus, they create distinct daily habits, behaviors, stereotypes, ideals, values, norm, rituals, and methods of satisfying their requirements. People contribute the environment, nature and society around them. Each society creates their own culture and that will lead to cultural differences. Cultural differences do not only occur between people coming from different cultures, but also between people with different cultures all within the same country. Cultures may differ in some main aspects, but in others can be very similar. The culture is influenced by the many groups of people. As the countries grow, so does its cultural diversity. This essay will pay particular attention to some of the differences and similarities in Eastern culture and Western culture and provide examples in order to make these aspects more clearly. There are two main parts: the first part is the similarities and the second part will focus on the differences of Eastern culture and Western culture.

1. Definition
The term "Western culture" has come to apply to countries whose history is strongly marked by European immigration, colonization, and influence, such as the continents of the Americas and Australasia. Historical records of Western culture in Europe begin with Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Western culture continued to develop with Christianization during the Middle Ages, the reform and modernization triggered by the Renaissance, and with globalization by successive European Empires. The term Eastern world refers very broadly to the various cultures or social structures and philosophical systems of Asia or geographically the countries and cultures east of Europe. Eastern culture generally refers to the societal norms of countries in Far East Asia (including China, Japan, Vietnam, North Korea and South Korea) and the Indian subcontinent.

2. The Similarities
3.1. Religion
A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world view that relate humanity to an order of existence. The similarities between the Eastern and Western religions are that they often both believe in some type of afterlife. Western attitudes...
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