A senier ESSAY SUBMITTED in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Bachelor of Arts degree in public administration and development Management
Department of Public Administration and Development management
Faculty of business and economics
Addis Ababa University
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
I would like to express my deep appreciation for my mother and father for their encouragement and financial support. My sincere gratitude goes to my adviser Ato Berhanu Temesgen, who has provided me with his important suggestions and comments for which I am most grateful. Finally, I would like to thank Hanna Negussie and Brook Tilahun for their positive remarks and support.
Chapter one: Introduction
1 Background of the study
Education makes people more receptive to change and innovation. It is an instrument used to produce skilled manpower which is the driving force behind any development endeavor. The development of human resources has been recognized as one of the major challenges that are facing the developing countries in the process of achieving economic and social development. This problem can only be alleviated through improvements and expansion of education. It plays a key role in enhancing economic progress, improving individual welfare and social development. In recognition of these multidimensional benefits, governments, international community and development agencies have placed increasingly high attention on education. In this regard the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) plays an important role in addressing this problem by including it as its main objective to alleviate from its grass root level.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a culmination of several consultations that have been made since the mid-1990s on several international forums regarding global poverty and human deprivation. At the occasion of the Millennium Summit, in September 2000, 147 heads of State and Government and 191 nations including Ethiopia adopted the Millennium Declaration. The Declaration has mainstreamed a set of inter-connected and mutually reinforcing development goals and targets into a global agenda. Most of the targets set by the Millennium Declaration were not new. They have been derived from the global conferences of the 1990s and from the body of international conventions that have been codified over the past half-century.
The MDGs are goals with the general objectives of the plan where to promote sustained economic growth particularly in the developing countries, ensure a standard of living and facilitate the process of narrowing the gap between the developed and the developing countries. They are a set of time-bound and measurable goals and targets designed to decrease poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental devastation and discrimination against women. They are a unique approach to these worldly problems – they confer obligations on both rich and poor governments, but place a heavier burden on rich countries in terms of financial and materials provision. The following are MDGs goals which are to be reached in 2015
Goal 1. Reduce the level of poverty and hunger
Goal 2. Achieve full primary education coverage
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
Goal 5. Improve Maternal Health
Goal 6. Combat Malaria, Tubercluosis, HIV/AIDS and Others
Goal 7. Enshur Enviromental Sustanibility
Goal 8. Develope a global partnership for development
Two of the MDGs are related to education, namely Goal 2 of achieving universal primary education and Goal 3 of promoting gender equality and empower women as it concerns the elimination of gender disparity in...