Week 1: Homework
CA1-3 (Financial Reporting and Accounting Standards)
1. GAAP stands for:
(a) governmental auditing and accounting practices.
(b) generally accepted attest principles.
(c) government audit and attest policies.
(d) generally accepted accounting principles.
2. Accounting standard-setters use the following process in establishing accounting standards: (a) Research, exposure draft, discussion paper, standard.
(b) Discussion paper, research, exposure draft, standard.
(c) Research, preliminary views, discussion paper, standard. (d) Research, discussion paper, exposure draft, standard.
3. GAAP is comprised of:
(a) FASB standards, interpretations, and concepts statements. (b) FASB financial standards.
(c) FASB standards, interpretations, EITF consensuses, and accounting rules issued by FASB predecessor organizations. (d) any accounting guidance included in the FASB Codification. 4. The authoritative status of the conceptual framework is as follows. (a) It is used when there is no standard or interpretation related to the reporting issues under consideration. (b) It is not as authoritative as a standard but takes precedence over any interpretation related to the reporting issue. (c) It takes precedence over all other authoritative literature. (d) It has no authoritative status.
5. The objective of financial reporting places most emphasis on: (a) reporting to capital providers.
(b) reporting on stewardship.
(c) providing specific guidance related to specific needs.
(d) providing information to individuals who are experts in the field. 6. General-purpose financial statements are prepared primarily for: (a) internal users.
(b) external users.
(d) government regulators.
7. Economic consequences of accounting standard-setting means: (a) standard-setters must give first priority to ensuring that companies do not suffer any adverse effect as a result of a new standard. (b) standard-setters must ensure that no new costs are incurred when a new standard is issued. (c) the objective of financial reporting should be politically motivated to ensure acceptance by the general public. (d) accounting standards can have detrimental impacts on the wealth levels of the providers of financial information. 8. The expectations gap is:
(a) what financial information management provides and what users want. (b) what the public thinks accountants should do and what accountants think they can do. (c) what the governmental agencies want from standard-setting and what the standard-setters provide. (d) what the users of financial statements want from the government and what is provided.
E2-5 (Elements of Financial Statements) Ten interrelated elements that are most directly related to measuring the performance and financial status of an enterprise are provided below. Identify the element or elements associated with the 12 items below. (a) Arises from peripheral or incidental transactions. Gains, Losses (b) Obligation to transfer resources arising from a past transaction. Liabilities (c) Increases ownership interest. Investment by owners, Comprehensive Income (d) Declares and pays cash dividends to owners. Equity
(e) Increases in net assets in a period from nonowner sources. Comprehensive income (f) Items characterized by service potential or future economic benefit. Assets (g) Equals increase in assets less liabilities during the year, after adding distributions to owners and subtracting investments by owners. Comprehensive income (h) Arises from income statement activities that constitute the entity’s ongoing major or central operations. Revenues, Expenses (i) Residual interest in the assets of the enterprise after deducting its liabilities. Equity (j) Increases assets during a period through sale of product. Revenue (k) Decreases assets during the period by purchasing the company’s own stock. Distributions to Owners (l) Includes all changes in equity during the period, except...
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