Accounting Standard (AS) 7
Construction Contracts Contents
OBJECTIVE SCOPE DEFINITIONS COMBINING AND SEGMENTING CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS CONTRACT REVENUE CONTRACT COSTS RECOGNITION OF CONTRACT REVENUE AND EXPENSES RECOGNITION OF EXPECTED LOSSES CHANGES IN ESTIMATES DISCLOSURE APPENDIX Paragraph 1 2-5 6-9 10-14 15-20 21-34 35-36 37 38-44
The following Accounting Standards Interpretation (ASI) relates to AS 7 (revised 2002) ASI 29 — Turnover in case of Contractors The above Interpretation is published elsewhere in this Compendium.
Accounting Standard (AS) 7*
(This Accounting Standard includes paragraphs set in bold italic type and plain type, which have equal authority. Paragraphs in bold italic type indicate the main principles. This Accounting Standard should be read in the context of its objective and the Preface to the Statements of Accounting Standards 1 .) Accounting Standard (AS) 7, Construction Contracts (revised 2002), issued by the Council of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, comes into effect in respect of all contracts entered into during accounting periods commencing on or after 1-4-2003 and is mandatory in nature2 from that date. Accordingly, Accounting Standard (AS) 7, ‘Accounting for Construction Contracts’, issued by the Institute in December 1983, is not applicable in respect of such contracts. Early application of this Standard is, however, encouraged. The following is the text of the revised Accounting Standard.
The objective of this Statement is to prescribe the accounting treatment of revenue and costs associated with construction contracts. Because of the nature of the activity undertaken in construction contracts, the date at which the contract activity is entered into and the date when the activity is completed usually fall into different accounting periods. Therefore, the primary issue in accounting for construction contracts is the allocation of contract revenue and contract costs to the accounting periods in which construction work is * Originally issued in December 1983 and titled as ‘Accounting for Construction Contracts’. Attention is specifically drawn to paragraph 4.3 of the Preface, according to which Accounting Standards are intended to apply only to items which are material. 1
Reference may be made to the section titled ‘Announcements of the Council regarding status of various documents issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India’ appearing at the beginning of this Compendium for a detailed discussion on the implications of the mandatory status of an accounting standard. 2
110 AS 7 (revised 2002)
performed. This Statement uses the recognition criteria established in the Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements to determine when contract revenue and contract costs should be recognised as revenue and expenses in the statement of profit and loss. It also provides practical guidance on the application of these criteria.
1. This Statement should be applied in accounting for construction contracts in the financial statements of contractors.
2. The following terms are used in this Statement with the meanings specified: A construction contract is a contract specifically negotiated for the construction of an asset or a combination of assets that are closely interrelated or interdependent in terms of their design, technology and function or their ultimate purpose or use. A fixed price contract is a construction contract in which the contractor agrees to a fixed contract price, or a fixed rate per unit of output, which in some cases is subject to cost escalation clauses. A cost plus contract is a construction contract in which the contractor is reimbursed for allowable or otherwise defined costs, plus percentage of these costs or a fixed fee. 3. A construction contract may be negotiated for the construction of a single...