Accounting Case Study on General Mills
General Mills, Inc.
Financial Accounting Case Study Module 1: A. General Mills Consolidated Statements of Earnings: 1. The recorded sale amount of almost $8 billion is not the actual amount of cash collected. The amount of $8 billion includes cash and credit sales.
2. Sales increased each year from 2000 to 2002. The difference between the year 2000 and 2001 was a 5.35% increase (5,450-5,173/5,173 = .0535). The difference between the year 2001 and 2002 was a 45.85% increase (7,949-5,450/5,450 = .4585).
3. The largest expense for General Mills for the years 2000, 2001, and 2002 was the same; over 50% of the revenue each year went towards the cost of sales. Sales in 2002 were the largest, about 7% more than the two previous years.
2000: (2,698/5,173) = .522 = 52.2% 2001: (2,841/5,450 = .521 = 52.1% 2002: (4,767/7,949) = .599 = 59.9% 4. Net Income: 2000: $614 million 2001: $665 million 2002: $458 million When comparing the net income figures for the past three years, it is seen that between 2000 and 2001, the net income increased by $51 million, but between 2001 and 2002, the net income decreased by $207 million.
5. A company's stock price is usually influenced by the amount of net income because when finding the price of the stock, you must divide the number of stocks by the net income. So, the higher the net income, the lower the price of stocks, which is what buyers look for (means better profit).
6. Even though General Mills paid dividends in 2000, 2001 and 2002, the corresponding total dividend payments did not appear as an expense on the income statement because dividends are not an expense; they are a financing activity that is reported on the statement of stockholder's equity. They are payments that are made to only the owners of the company.
B. General Mills Consolidated Balance Sheets: 7. A company has assets so that they have a location and equipment to operate/create a business. Assets are resources that are controlled by a business. Without assets, one cannot produce and/or run a company. The purpose of assets are to keep track of expenses, what a company owns, like equipment, inventory, cash etc., and creates value for the company.
8. The total amount of assets at the end of 2002 was $16,540 million.
9. When comparing the assets from the beginning of 2002 to the end, we found that the percentage increase in assets was 224.89% ( 16,540-5,091/5,091 = 2.2489 = 224.89%). Goodwill is the type of asset that is responsible for the increase.
10. The two groups that have contributed assets to General Mills and claims on the their assets are shareholders and lenders. Shareholders have about $5,733 million in claims and the lenders have a claim of $5,591 million.
C. General Mills Consolidated Statement of Stockholder's Equity: 11. The General Mill's total stockholders increased significantly from May 27, 2001 to May 26, 2002 because they sold more stock.
12. Comprehensive income is the change in a company's owner's equity during a period that is the result of all transactions and activities that are not by the owner. These can include profits from operating activities, foreign currency, net income, events that change owner's equity except those from the company's own stockholders and selling stock or paying dividends.
D. General Mills Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows: 13. There are three categories of cash flows shown on the company's cash flow statement. They are the following: 1. Operating activities 2. Investing activities 3. Financial activities 14. When comparing the net income figure to the amount of net cash provided by operating activities for each of the three years, one observes that the net income went up in the first two years and than decreased between the second and the third year. The net cash from operating activities increased each year, but its greatest growth was between the second and the third year. So, when...
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