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  • Topic: Management, Max Weber, Lillian Moller Gilbreth
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  • Published : March 26, 2013
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Evolution of Management Thought Learning Objectives slide 1 of 2 1. Describe the major influences on the development of management thought. 2. Identify the five major perspectives of management thought that have evolved over the years. 3. Describe the different sub-fields that exist in the classical perspective of management and discuss the central focus of each. 4. Describe the theories of the major contributors to the behavioral perspective of management.


Learning Objectives

Slide 2 of 2

5. Describe the characteristics of the quantitative perspective of management. 6. Describe the systems perspective building blocks and their interactions. 7. Describe the nature of the contingency perspective of management. 8. Discuss the future issues that will affect the further development of management thought. 4

Why Study Management History?
• • • • • Develop Strategic Thinking Avoid Reinventing the Wheel See the big picture Improve conceptual Skills Gain appreciating of how we got to where we are Slide 1 of 2


Environmental Factors Influencing Management Thought
• Economic Influences

– Relate to the availability, production, and distribution of resources within a society.

• Social Influences
– Relate to the aspects of a culture that influence interpersonal relationships.

• Political Influences
– Relate to the impact of political institutions on individuals and organizations. 6

Environmental Factors Influencing Management Thought
• Technological Influences

Slide 2 of 2

– Relate to the advances and refinements in any of the devices that are used in conjunction with conducting business.

• Global Influences
– Relate to the pressures to improve quality, productivity, and costs as organizations attempt to compete in the worldwide marketplace. 7 1 2

We could start as far back as 3000 B.C.
• • • • 3000 B.C. – Sumerians used written rules and regulations for governance 3000 B.C. – Egyptians used many management practices still used today in building pyramids 1500 B.C. – Chinese used extensive organizational structure for government agencies and the arts. 1000 B.C. – Romans used organizational structure for communication and control


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Schools of Management Thought Chronological Development of Management Thought Classical Perspective Classical Perspective Classical Perspective Classical Perspective • • • • Reflects evolution from farmed based to industrial based society Managers had to cope with larger organizations Larger numbers of trained workers were needed Complex operations had to be scheduled



Scientific Management: Frederick W. Taylor (1856-1915) Task Performance • Scientific management incorporates several basic expectations of management, including: – – – – Development of work standards (time and motion studies) Selection of workers Training of workers Support of workers


• Taylor felt that a single supervisor could not be an expert at all tasks. • As a result, each first-level supervisor should be responsible only workers who perform a common function familiar to the supervisor. • This became known as “Functional Foremanship.”


• Taylor believed money was the way to motivate workers to their fullest capabilities. • He advocated a piecework system in which worker’s pay was tied to their output. – Workers who med a standard level of production were paid a standard wage rate. – Workers whose production exceeded the standard were paid at a higher rate for all of their production output.


Scientific Management: Frank Gilbreth
• Specialized in time and motion studies to determine the most efficient way to perform tasks. • The identification and measurement of a worker’s physical movements used to perform a task. Results were analyzed to determine most efficient way of competing the task. • Used the new medium of motion pictures to examine the work of bricklayers. • Identified 17 work...
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