Account for the Defeat of the Central Powers

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Account for the defeat of the Central Powers

On 28 July 1914, one of the greatest wars in history of mankind broke out in the center of Europe, which involved the world’s greatest powers. The First World War was fought between the Allies (Britain, France and Russia) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy). 11 November 1918, World War One officially ended. Germany surrendered to the Allies and conferences were established in order to restore the world. But why was Germany defeated and why were the Allies victorious? Back then, Germany faced a lot of problems in the war. German strategies and submarine campaigns failed, naval blockades were set up, USA joined the war and German morale was low, the Spanish Flu broke out and the German allies (Austria and Bulgaria) constantly needed help. When Germany faced those problems, it all became clear that they were losing war.

One of the problems the German faced was the failure of the Schlieffen Plan. Germany wanted to use this strategy to avoid a two-front war. However, this did not went as planned, as the Germans never predicted that the French troops would be that strong. Once the Schlieffen Plan had failed, all hope of a quick German victory disappeared and they were then facing a war on two fronts. The other problem was that the naval blockade was set up by Britain. Which means that Allied sea power was decisive, they enforced a deadly blockade that caused desperate food shortages in Germany and crippled her exports, while at the same time making sure that the Allied armies were fully supplied, because of the fact that Germany could not attack the transport ships. Additionally, the German submarine campaign failed to attack the British, American and Japanese convoys. Not only was this a failure, the submarine campaign also brought USA into the war. This problem also leads to the next one, in which the USA brought vast, new resources to the Allies, while Germany was faced with food shortages....
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