Accident Detection and Reporting System using GPS, GPRS and GSM Technology Md. Syedul Amin, Jubayer Jalil
Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
M. B. I. Reaz
Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract— Speed is one of the basic reasons for vehicle accident. Many lives could have been saved if emergency service could get accident information and reach in time. Nowadays, GPS has become an integral part of a vehicle system. This paper proposes to utilize the capability of a GPS receiver to monitor speed of a vehicle and detect accident basing on monitored speed and send accident location to an Alert Service Center. The GPS will monitor speed of a vehicle and compare with the previous speed in every second through a Microcontroller Unit. Whenever the speed will be below the specified speed, it will assume that an accident has occurred. The system will then send the accident location acquired from the GPS along with the time and the speed by utilizing the GSM network. This will help to reach the rescue service in time and save the valuable human life. Keywords-accident monitoring, GPS, accident detection, GPRS, GSM.
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a popular technology which was developed by American Department of Defense (DoD) for military use. Later on it was available for civilian use. It is utilized for wide range of applications such as location, direction, speed, timing, surveying, logistics, traffic management, security etc. Nowadays, it has become an integral part of a vehicle system for tracking and navigation system. It can provide accurate time, location coordinate and speed. On the other hand, Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) is a digital mobile telephony system that is widely used. More than 690 mobile networks provide GSM services across 213 countries and GSM represents 82.4% of all global mobile connections. Besides the voice communication it also offers Short Message Service (SMS) and General packet radio service (GPRS) to transfer data. This paper proposes to utilize the capability of a GPS receiver to monitor the speed of a vehicle and detect an accident basing on the monitored speed and send the location and time of the accident from the GPS data processed by a microcontroller by using the GSM network to the Alert Service Center. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. The Related Work section discusses about the researches related to the accident detection system, the Equipment and Proposed Methodology section describes the required equipments and algorithm to detect the accident, the Accident Detection and Reporting Procedure describes the procedure to calculate the speed to detect accident and sending procedure and finally the paper is concluded. II. RELATED WORK
The development of a transportation system has been the generative power for human beings to have the highest civilization above creatures in the earth. Automobile has a great importance in our daily life. We utilize it to go to our work place, keep in touch with our friends and family, and deliver our goods. But it can also bring disaster to us and even can kill us through accidents. In 2009, 33,808 people died in vehicle traffic crashes only in USA . Speed is one of the most important and basic risk factors in driving. It not only affects the severity of a crash, but also increases risk of being involved in a crash. Despite many efforts taken by different governmental and non-governmental organizations all around the world by various programs to aware against careless driving, yet accidents are taking place every now and then. However, many lives could have been saved if the emergency service...