Access the Methods Used by Either Peron or Lenin to Maintain His Position as Ruler of a Single Party State

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The provisional government was deposed in early October by the Bolsheviks as a result of the October Revolution. The storming and capitulation of the Winter Palace on the night of the 7th to 8th of November marked the beginning of Soviet rule. Lenin was elected as the Chair of the Council of People’s Commissars by the Russian Congress of Soviets. In April 1917 Lenin published his April Thesis. This document outlined Lenin's aims for the future: to end the war; to give all power to the Soviet; to give all property and land to the people and worldwide revolution. After the Bolsheviks seizure of power, they soon faced many social and economic problems. Numerous observers during the revolution, had thought that the new government would only survive for a months because of the growing disorder and civil war. With Lenin as leader, the Bolshevik party had to combat growing inflation, the war with Germany, civil strikes, poor working conditions and food shortages. The shortages were on essential supplies including food, clothing, and fuel. Levels of agricultural and industrial production were down compared to levels in 1913. Various historians debate that without the leadership and organizational skills of Lenin during the months of turmoil the Bolshevik party would not have succeeded and would not have been able to consolidate power. The promise that had brought so much support to the Bolsheviks party was that the war with Germany was going to end. Lenin knew that opposition to the war had been a key factor in the Bolsheviks success in October, and he knew that he would have to honor the promise he made to end the war. The Russian army was badly beaten and had taken heavy casualties. Most of the soldiers left were highly untrained and most did not have adequate weapons and ammunition. Casualties totaled an estimated 1.8 million killed, another 2.8 million wounded and 2.4 million taken prisoner. Lenin knew that without peace with Germany and Austria-Hungary his party’s...
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