Two terms that are import to sport and closely linked are equality and equity. While being closely linked and sometimes though the mean the same both have different meaning in relation to sport. Firstly the term equality refers to a situation where individuals as well as groups are equal and have the same rights and ability to access opportunities. Secondly the term equity can be studied to determine whether resources are distributed fairly to all members of a society. Both of these terms can be closely connected with physical activity.
Figueroa’s framework was developed in 1990 by professor peter Figueroa as a way to explain how access in sport and physical activity can vary between individuals. In this framework 5 different headings are seen. The individual level is about the personal attributes of an individual which determines their access to sport. The interpersonal level focus on the interactions one may have with significant others including coaches, parents etc. the institutional level recognising that there are significant other institutions that have rules that may impact someone’s access to physical activity. The structural level shows that peoples access to sport and physical activity may be influenced by the distribution of resources both human and financial. And the last level is the cultural level. This level individuals or group’s beliefs, values and coaches may affect ones equity in accessing physical activity. All of these level allow us to further understand why individuals, and group’s access to sport, or physical activity may not always be equitable or equal.
Focusing on the structural level of figuros framework, it can be seen that equity and access in the PE class is not always fair. By first focusing on physical resources such as equipment, it is evident that there is never enough to enable everyone to be playing badminton at once. With 27 people in this PE class and only three courts there is definitely not enough room for...
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