Acceptability of Homosexuals Among Selected Members of Fraternities in the University of the Philippines Los Banos

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ABSTRACT

The level of acceptability to homosexuals among the selected fraternity members in UPLB was determined using a survey questionnaire with 25 respondents chosen using purposive sampling. Socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents were described and analyzed to see how it affects the level of acceptability of the respondents to homosexuals. The research found out that the classification (education) of the respondents and total number of homosexual peers (exposure) has a very strong linear relationship with their level of acceptability, thus the higher the classification and the more homosexual peers the male college students have, the higher also their level of acceptability. Moreover, it was also counted that almost half of the respondents (48%) accept homosexuals, thus it can be concluded that homosexuals are acceptable among male college students.

INTRODUCTION

A. Background of the Study
Even with increase of programs being implemented by the government for several homosexual communities in the country, homosexuals are still not yet fully accepted in the society. They are still subjected to discrimination, violence and unequal rights. According to Del Pilar (2005) “Filipinos held largely negative attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. Many Filipinos (about 28%) considered being gay/lesbian as “can never be justified” while only 4% thought it could “always be justified.” In addition, about 1 out of 4 Filipinos expressed not wanting gay men/lesbians as neighbors. These heterosexist views did not change significantly from 1996 to 2001 and were widespread, regardless of gender, socio-economic status, educational attainment, or religiosity. The Philippines has long been exposed to homosexuals but being a Christian country, the majority is still being repulsed by homosexuality.

There are a number of demographic variables that are correlated with the treatment of people towards homosexuals. Del Pilar (2005) suggests that “individuals with heterosexist [in favor of opposite sex sexuality attitudes are more likely to be older, be less well-educated, reside in geographic areas where heterosexism represents the norm, be more strongly religious and subscribe to a conservative religious ideology, be less likely to report having had sex with a person of the same sex, be less likely to self-identify as lesbian or gay, and to have fewer friends who are openly gay or lesbian.” In an academic institution like the University of the Philippines which has a diversity of culture and tradition and wherein academic freedom is highly promoted, it has become one of the institutions in the country that includes a high tolerance on homosexuality and among homosexuals. Even so, there is still a question on how high exactly the rate of this acceptability among homosexuals is, what factors are affecting this and how these factors contribute to their view and treatment on homosexuals.

B. Objectives
This study aimed to assess the level of acceptability of homosexuals among selected members of the fraternities in UPLB. Specifically, it intended to describe the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents and to determine how these factors affect the level of their acceptability.

C. Significance of the Study
Nowadays, it is observable that there is an increasing number now of individual who are declaring that they are homosexual, and this has impact on the social situation of the country. This study will help the social developer to analyze some of the factors that may affect the acceptability of the male population of the society.

In addition, this study will be able to evaluate the current status of homosexuals among male community, specifically fraternities in UPLB, as well as making them be aware of their assessments to homosexuals.

The research can also serve as base line study for other researchers who will go beyond the same line of prospects. The study also adds to the available knowledge in the...
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