Academic Writing Expressions

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Some useful expressions used in academic writing for:

1. Stating your own position on a Subject or Topic

• The aim of this paper is to…

• The point of this article is to…

• It shall be argued in this paper/essay/review that…

• The view presented in this paper/essay/review is that..

2. Presenting your own point of view

• There are many reasons why….

• It is important/necessary to point out that…

• The first thing to be considered is…

• It is a fact that…

• There is some doubt that…

Followed by the following expressions to support your view:

• The first/second reason why….is… or Firstly/Secondly

• The most important…

• In addition, …

• Furthermore, …

• What is more, …

• Another reason is …

• A further point is …

To introduce paraphrases and direct quotes:
1. Stating the view of Another Person on a Subject or Topic Smith (1999, p. 333) In a study of …, Smith (1999, p. 333) | maintains argues asserts claims points out | that… |

Disagreeing with the Views of Others

• Smith (2002, p.123) fails to address the issue when he says ‘…’ because ……

• When Smith (2002, p.123) argues that …. His reasoning is questionable because….

• One of the main arguments against Jones (2004, p. 2) and Smith (2002, p. 1) is that …

• Smith’s (2000) approach/position/methods is/are somewhat inadequate/inaccurate/insufficient because…

4. Indicating a Lack of Knowledge in a Particular Topic or Subject

• Although the research has tended to focus on…..rather less attention has been paid to…

• Although most studies, such as Jones (2004, p. 2) and Smith (2002, p. 1), have emphasised/concentrated on/focussed on….. inadequate /insufficient…..

5. Drawing a Conclusion Using the Work of Others

• ….Based on these authors, a connection can be made between…

• It can be concluded from what Jones (2004, p. 2) and Smith (2002, p. 1) have stated that….. is …

• When Smith’s (2001, p.52) work/paper is looked at closely, it is seen that…

• One outcome of Smith’s (2001, p.52) work/paper/research is

Establishing the importance of the topic:
One of the most significant current discussions in legal and moral philososphy is ...... It is becoming increasingly difficult to ignore the .....
X is the leading cause of death in western industrialised countries. X is a common disorder characterised by ......
X is an important component in the climate system, and plays a key role in Y. In the new global economy, X has become a central issue for ...... In the history of development economics, X has been thought of as a key factor in ....... Xs are one of the most widely used groups of antibacterial agents and ...... Xs are the most potent anti-infammatory agents known.

Establishing the importance of the topic (time frame given): Recent developments in X have heightened the need for ...... In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in ...... Recent developments in the field of X have led to a renewed interest in ...... Recently, researchers have shown an increased interest in ...... The past decade has seen the rapid development of X in many ....... The past thirty years have seen increasingly rapid advances in the field of...... Over the past century there has been a dramatic increase in ...... One of the most important events of the 1970s was ......

Traditionally, Xs have subscribed to the belief that ......
X proved an important literary genre in the early Y community. The changes experienced by Xs over the past decade remain unprecedented. Xs are one of the most widely used groups of antibacterial agents and have been extensively used for decades to ....... Highlighting a problem or controversy in the field of study: However, these rapid changes are having a serious effect ...... However, a major problem with this kind of application is ...... To date there has been little agreement on what ......

More recently, literature...
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