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ASPECTS OF THE PHONOLOGY OF GUNGANCHI LANGUAGE

BABATUNDE, Oluwatobi Olayemi
07/15CB045

A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF LINGUISTICS AND NIGERIAN LANGUAGES, FACULTY OF ARTS, UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN
ILORIN – NIGERIA

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS (B. A. Hons) IN LINGUISTICS

MAY, 2011.
CERTIFICATION
This essay has been read and approved as meeting the requirements of Department of Linguistics and Nigerian Languages, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.

_________________________________________________
DR. (MRS.) B. E. AROKOYODATE
Project Supervisor

_________________________________________________
PROF. A. S. ABDUSSALAMDATE
Head of Department

_________________________________________________
EXTERNAL EXAMINERDATE
DEDICATION
This project work is dedicated to the Almighty God, the Alpha and Omega, who gives wisdom and excellence. My dear father, Engr. O. A. Falade, who has been there for me up till this time. You are my hero. May God reward you. ACKNOLWEDGEMENTS

My profound gratitude goes to the Lord for seeing me through my studies at the University of Ilorin. He has been the Alpha and Omega, my help, inspiration and the source of knowledge and wisdom. He alone deserves my appreciation.

Also, my gratitude goes to my lovely parents, ENGR. AND MRS. O. A. FALADE for their love, care, advice, guidance and for providing for all my educational needs. The Almighty God will grant you long life, and enable you to reap the fruits of your labour (Amen). You are the best parents in the world, I love you dearly.

I also appreciate the great efforts of my able supervisor, Dr. (Mrs.) B. E. Arokoyo, who guided me through in my research work, she gave me her time and motherly assistance despite the inconvenience. May the Lord be with you and reward you (Amen). I also appreciate all my lecturers.

I want to also appreciate the love and prayers of my kid brother BABATUNDE JOHN TEMITOPE. And my aunts Mrs. O. Y. Philips and Miss Olushola Faniyi. I also want to appreciate the effort of Ogunbiyi Abayomi. You all have been wonderful.

My sincere gratitude goes to my informant Corporal Labbo Alkali who helped me in acquiring all necessary information about Gunganchi. May the Lord reward you richly (Amen).
Also, I appreciate my friends: Bakare Bimbo, Olagbenro Bola, Dikko Oluwaseun, Adebayo Funke, Saka Tokunbo, Ogunbowale Tobi, Adekoya Oluwaseun, Ajagunna Gideon, Bamidele Bukola, Oyeniran Gbolagade Adebayo Adewale. I also appreciate the effort of my pastor, Pastor Tunde and those who have in one way or the other contributed to the success of this research.

Thank you all.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Pagei
Certificationii
Dedicationiii
Acknowledgements iv
Table of Contentsvi
CHAPTER ONE:
1.0Introduction 1
1.1General Background1
1.2Historical Background of Gunganchi People2
1.3Sociocultural Background or Profile of the Gunganchi People4 1.4Genetic Classification of Gunganchi10
1.5Scope and Organization of Study 11
1.6Data Collection12
1.7Data Analysis13
1.8Review of the chosen Theoretical Framework13
CHAPTER TWO: BASIC PHONOLOGICAL CONCEPTS
2.0Introduction 21
2.1Phonology21
2.2Sound Inventory of Gunganchi24
2.3Phonological Description of Gunganchi Consonants and their Distribution 28 2.4Vowels42
2.5Distribution of Vowels45
2.6Distribution of Nasalized Vowels51
2.7Tonal Inventory54
2.8Syllable Inventory 56
2.9Distinctive Features 59
CHAPTER THREE: PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSES IN GUNGANCHI
3.0Introduction 70
3.1Phonological Processes70
CHAPTER FOUR: TONAL PROCESSES AND SYLLABLE PROCESSES
4.0Introduction 78
4.1Tone System in Gunganchi78
4.2Functions of Tone in Gunganchi...
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