I. What is Academic Procrastination?
Procrastination is behaviour of delaying a task that can be done earlier but chooses to do it last minute. This behaviour problem exists in almost every aspect in our daily lives, be it in academic, financial or even in health management. Ryan, M. (2007) stated that the habit of procrastination can reach such chronic levels that it can have negative effects on their lives.
As discussed earlier, Academic Procrastination involves the delay of a particular academic task which is due to lack of time management. In addition, procrastination comes from the Latin word means "forward to tomorrow". The problem is that unless the task is met today, tomorrow can convert into weeks, even months and years.
Mostly, undergraduates frequently exhibit procrastinate behavior towards their school related tasks such as making assignments, projects, studying, preparing for exams and other related task which they don't know that it has an adverse effect on their academic standing in the class.
Apart from that, academic procrastination problem is prevalence for undergraduate students. Some students who are less motivated tend to procrastinate academic tasks to the very last minute. For example they procrastinate doing class assignment, group project, studying for exam, writing academic paper or thesis. Sometimes, this type of students may finish the tasks just so they do not fail in the subject. “Fear of failure, low self-efficacy and low self-competence” are some of the reasons of procrastination stated by (Schraw et al., 2007; Senecal et al., 1995) extracted from (Williams, G. J., Stark, K. S., & Foster, E. E. 2008).
Putting things off is a major stumbling block to achievement both long-term and in the present. One of the effects of challenging a specific deadline is the belief that holding off on taking action is an effective way to deal with intractable problems.
II. How do students procrastinate on different period of time?
The results from the procrastination styles survey are in! We had hundreds of responses, and honestly one of the results surprised me a little. I’ll get to the results in a second, let’s first quickly recap the two styles of procrastinators – long term and short term procrastinators. Short Term: “I’ll Do It Tomorrow”
Short term procrastination is the type of procrastination where you have a small task, something you could finish right now. However, instead of starting, short term procrastinators tell themselves “I’ll do it tomorrow.” This is procrastination one day at a time.
Long Term: ”I’ll Do It Someday”
The second type of procrastination is long term procrastination. This is the type of procrastination that kills dreams, leads to long term regrets, and that other people will play along and help you deny you’re doing it. Long term procrastinators have some project they want to take up, a dream they want to accomplish, but have no idea when they’ll actually be able to do it. They get tied up in day to day work, little emergencies and short term “urgent” tasks As as a result, they are never able to put aside enough time to write, or exercise, or taking that trip they’ve dreamed about because they’re so busy – all those things get pushed off to “someday.” If you want to see a deeper discussion, see the original article: The Two Types of Procrastinators. The Results! Most People Are…
The last time I wrote to you, I asked you first share with me which type you more identified with, short or long term, and then guess which you felt most other people would identify with. Well today I’ll give you the results – and let’s see if you guessed right! Do you remember what you chose last week? I’ll give you the results to the second question first. By a small margin (55% to 45%), most readers felt that other people were long term procrastinators. However, what did most readers...