Academic Article #1
January 26, 2013
The concerns of this article revolve around human health and how it is affected by climate change. Climate change endangers human health affecting all sectors of society both domestically and globally. The atmosphere determines the dispersions, transport, and development of air pollutants and there is concern that change in climate could affect the human body associate with gases and particles.
“As part of a congressionally mandated national study of impacts in climate variability and change in the United States, we assessed the potential impacts that projected changes in climate (based on modeled data developed for the national study) might have on a limited number of health outcomes that are associated with weather and/or climate” (Benard 367). Some of the leading human health illness are chronic disease, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. “Almost 75% of all deaths in 1996 for the 25 to 64-year-old age group were from these types of diseases” (Benard 369).
“In the past 100 years, the global surface temperature has warmed 0.7-1.4°. In the United States, temperatures have increased by approximately 1° and precipitation in the United States has been increasing much of this change is due to increases in heavy precipitation events and decreased in light-precipitation events. To establish a baseline for projections of the potential impacts of climate on health, we reviewed the current status and context of health in the United States, as reflected in indicators such as life expectancy and the leading cause of death” (Benard 368). These results show that because the temperature in the United States has increased that people dying from these illnesses will continue to go up.
“The national assessment climate models project that over relevant time period the U.S. climate will be characterized by increased temperature, altered hydrologic cycle, and increased...