The planet Earth is being scarred. Every day the people of the planet earth are polluting the planet's air, water and land. These are all natural resources that are necessary for our survival on this planet. Yet, we continue to abuse our planet. Our world population is growing out of control. The simple lesson of supply and demand tells us that we will need more resources in order to support the booming population. One of the most important factors in survival is food supply. Without enough food, we will not survive. Unfortunately, our forest ecosystems are paying the price for the food demand. Deforestation is a major problem on our planet. It is something that must be carefully monitored and regulated. Deforestation is a practice that has been taking place for thousands of years. Human beings have found it necessary to clear out the forests for settlement and cropland. Although there is no evidence as to how much of the planet's forests has been cut down, it is obvious that this valuable ecosystem is declining. Studies estimate that, original forest cover has been reduced by nearly 50 percent.. With the intention of a better understanding of systematically destroyed the various ecosystem by man. I hope this will ad a little understanding about the causes of deforestation and environmental problems causes, economic impact and forest transition theory, industrial era and rates of deforestation, controlling deforestation and forest management. Furthermore, by studying the data available on that country, we will be able to see what the impact of deforestation has been on the country through a better understanding of country economic status as well as the sources of the problem.
One nation, New Zealand, is a more developed nation. Deforestation in New Zeeland has been a contentious environmental issue in the past, but native forests, called "the bush", now have legal protection. New Zealand is a beautiful chain of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, just South East of Australia (Oceania). The country is mostly mountainous with some large coastal plains. The climate on the islands is mostly temperate although there can be more unpredictable weather on the coastlines New Zealand's GDP is divided in the following manner: agriculture-8%, industry-23%, and services- 69%. The amount of external debt or national poverty is unknown according to the World Resources Institute. According to the Pacific Directions Report (www.minpac.govt.nz), "The implications for New Zealand as a whole are not good.” For example, poor health status will inhibit the ability of an increasingly important component of the workforce to make a full contribution to the economy. Similarly, poor education status will mean that an increasing proportion of the workforce will not have a high level of skills. These factors will hinder the innovation required for the future economy." The lack of education will also have an effect on environmental decision-making. According to the Resource Renewal Institute, New Zealand has lost 80% of its original forests. The once heavily forested chain of islands lost much of its forests to settlement. Farming and the timber industry also share responsibility for the dramatic loss of the forest ecosystems in New Zealand. Deforestation has had a huge impact on the ecosystems of New Zealand. Soil erosion is one of the problems that deforestation has caused for the country. According to the Resource Renewal Institute, "Approximately 50 percent of New Zealand's land area shows some signs of erosion; of that, half is moderately to severely eroded." It is the practice of deforestation, which has caused many of the problems with soil in New Zealand. Another problem that New Zealand faces is loss of species, a direct result of deforestation. Many of the plants and animals, which are native to New Zealand, are rare. This makes their...