Abuse and Unsafe Practices

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HSC 024:principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Know how to recognise signs of abuse (1.1+1.2).

Physical abuse-
Deliberate use of force that results in bodily injury or pain.

Signs of physical abuse-
·Marks on body
·dont want to join in with others
·misuse of medication
·bruises

Sexual abuse-
Involvement in sexual activity without consent.

Signs of sexual abuse:
·Recurrent genital or urinary infections
·Abdominal pain
·Refusal to undress for activities
·Blood or marks on underwear

Emotional/Psychological abuse-
Any action that damages an individual's mental wellbeing.

Signs of Emotional/Psychological abuse:
·lack of mental stimulation
·dont want to join in
·not being themselfs

Rebbeca Mell

Financial abuse-
The theft or misuse of an individual's money or personal possessions.

Signs of finalcial abuse:
·Sudden of the will and testement
·unexplained spending
·Possessions missing

Institutional abuse-
It occurs when the idividual's wishes and needs are sacrificed

Signs of institutional abuse:
·set bedtime
·dignity not respected
·lack of choice in food

Self neglect-
When an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs

Signs of self neglect:
·not eating
·not washing / clean clothes
·self harming

Neglect by others-
Ignore or fail to care for someone and not providing reasonable and appropriate care.

Signs of neglect by others:
·Being left in a wet or soiled bed
·withholding medical treatment or care
·Not responding to a persons basic needs

Rebbeca Mell

Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse(1.3). Some individuals are more vulnerable to harm or abuse than others .there are a few factors why. ·Have suffered injury

·Age
·Mental state
·Money problems
·Poor or no self esteem
·Sensory impairment
·Does not have any support networks
·Physically or emotionally weak
·May lack the capacity
·Be severely disabled
·Have a illness

Rebbeca Mell

Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused(2.1). ·Always report your suspicions.
·follow the agreed procedures
·seek advice from the dso(designated safeguarding officer). ·maintain confidentiality
·remember that you have a duty of care and moral responsibility to act.

Explain the actions to take if an individual allges that they are being abused(2.2). ·always follow policies and procedures
·ask them to tell you about it
·fill out the right forms
·dont ask leading questions(e.g did they touch you ?)
·ask questions like, then what happend?
·record everything thats said to you
·keep confidentality

Identify ways to ensure that evidence ofd abuse is preserved(2.3). DONT
·move or remove anything
·touch anything(unless you have to make area or person safe.) ·allow access to anyone(unless involved with the investigation.) ·clean or tidy up
DO
·record any injuries
·preserve items(clean paper bag or unsealed envelope.)
·record any visible signs of abuse
·preserve liquids(clean glasses)
·preserve clothing,footwear,bedding and similar items(keep them dry and safe.)

Rebbeca Mell

Identify national policies and local systems that relate to safeguardingand protection form abuse(3.1.)

national policies-
·mental capacity act (2005)
·human rights act(1998)
·equality act (2010)
·safeguarding vulnerable groups act (2006)
·safeguarding adults (2009)
·health and social care act (2008 & 2010)

Benefits of the national policies are empowers and protects vulnerable individuals.Also makes individuals and their carers aware of their 'rights'.

local systems-
·local council
·local charities
·local safeguarding boards
·acute NHS trusts
·primary health care services
·local multi- agency safeguarding teams

Explain the...
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