Abuse

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Abnormal Psychology

Psychological Abuse
Presented by Psyche Cheung Celia Chan Jason Chan Kris Lee

Monday, 21 January, 13

Abuse harmful, injurious, or offensive excessive and wrongful misuse of anything

Definition

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Psychological Abuse caused by emotional abuse / mental abuse / physical abuse behavior that may result in psychological trauma eg anxiety / chronic depression / post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) happened in the situations of power imbalance abusive relationships / bullying / child abuse / abuse in the workplace

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Monday, 21 January, 13

Types of Abuse

Physical / Psychological Abuse

- Animal Abuse - Child Abuse - Sexual Abuse - Substance Abuse (ie Drug / Alcohol) - Elderly Abuse - Emotional Abuse

Monday, 21 January, 13

Definition

Animal Abuse

Cruelty (The Oxford English Dictionary) “...a disposition to inflict suffering; delight or indifference to another’s pain; merciless, hard-heartedness ...”. History of Animal Abuse DSM-III-R (APA, 1987) DSM-IV feature of conduct disorder " … a repetitive and persistent pattern of behaviour in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated" (APA, 1994, p.85).

Monday, 21 January, 13

Animal Abuse
Criminal careers begin in childhood cruelty behaviors would cause:antisocial behaviour aggression (to be leaded to child abuse and bully) Advantages of reducing animal abuse improving human safety lowering tolerance levels for all acts of aggression avoiding to trigger the possible crimes (eg murder) after the child’s growth up

Monday, 21 January, 13

Animal Abuse
Statistical analysis (Arluke et al., (1999)):-

a significant association between acts of cruelty to animals in childhood and serious, recurrent aggression against people as adults. Abused animals 5 or more times in childhood Types aggressive criminals non-aggressive criminals non-criminals % 25% 5.8% 0%

Monday, 21 January, 13

Animal Abuse
Relationship of the animal abusers with criminal records Animal Abusers :with Criminal Records 153 with Clean Record [ ] These findings suggest that rather than representing animal abuse as a discrete step in the development of criminal/violent behaviour, it may be more appropriate to represent adolescent animal abuse as one of a cluster of anti social behaviours from which both violent and non-violent criminal behaviour may result.

Monday, 21 January, 13

Animal Abuse
~ Quotes ~ The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated" ~Gandhi (1869-1948) Comments :Animal abuse behaviours representative to antisocial behaviour, rather than a distinct step in the development of adult criminal or violent behaviour . This mean the aggressive criminals in their childhood may be animal abusers. Video

Monday, 21 January, 13

Child Abuse
WHAT IS CHILD ABUSE Child abuse is doing something or failing to do something that results in harm to a child or puts a child at risk of harm. Child abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional. Neglect, or not providing for a child's needs, is also a form of abuse. FACTORS FOR CHILD ABUSE Child abuse occurs across all social and economic levels and ethnic groups. Factors that may increase a person's risk of becoming abusive include: • Stress - Financial stress or unemployment. domestic violence and other marital conflicts, single parenting, or young children in the family, especially several children under age 5 also caused stress. • A history of being abused or neglected as a child • Physical or mental illness, such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) • A child in the family who is developmentally or physically disabled • Social or extended family isolation • Poor understanding of child development and parenting skills • Alcoholism or other forms of substance abuse

Monday, 21 January, 13

Child Abuse
CASE STUDY Anna Cook (2012, December 27). Infant's...
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