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Abstrak Sa Pananaliksik

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Abstrak Sa Pananaliksik

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  • March 2011
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A learning theory is an attempt to describe how people and animals learn, thereby helping us understand the inherently complex process of learning. Learning theories have two chief values according to Hill (2002). One is in providing us with vocabulary and a conceptual framework for interpreting the examples of learning that we observe. The other is in suggesting where to look for solutions to practical problems. The theories do not give us solutions, but they do direct our attention to those variables that are crucial in finding solutions. Ang isang pag-aaral ng teorya ay isang pagtatangka upang ilarawan kung paano angmga tao at mga hayop malaman, sa gayon pagtulong sa amin na maunawaan ang mga likas na kumplikadong proseso ng pag-aaral. Learning teorya ay may dalawangpunong halaga ayon sa Hill (2002). Ang isa ay sa pagbibigay sa amin ng bokabularyoat isang haka-haka framework para sa pagbibigay kahulugan sa mga halimbawa ngpag-aaral na obserbahan namin. Ang iba pang ay sa suggesting kung saan sa hitsura para sa mga solusyon sa mga praktikal na problema. Ang teorya ay hindi magbigay sa amin ng mga solusyon, ngunit sila ay direktang ang aming pansin sa mga variable namahalaga sa paghahanap ng mga solusyon.

 Behaviorism focuses only on the objectively observable aspects of learning. Cognitive theories look beyond behavior to explain brain-based learning. And constructivism views learning as a process in which the learner actively constructs or builds new ideas or concepts. Behaviorism ay nakatutok lamang sa mga kapansin-pansin talaga ng aspeto ng pag-aaral. Nagbibigay-malay theories tumingin lampas sa pag-uugali na ipaliwanagutak-based na pag-aaral. At constructivism views aaral bilang isang proseso kung saan ang mag-aaral sa aktibong constructs o gagawa ng bagong ideya o konsepto

Behaviorism as a theory was primarily developed by B. F. Skinner. It loosely encompasses the work of people like Edward Thorndike, Tolman, Guthrie, and Hull. What characterizes...