abstract and realism

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Abstract and Realism in art
An essay Samuel Cowden
Abstract and realism in art
Definition
Abstract art can be a painting or sculpture that does not depict a person, place or thing in the natural world - even in an extremely distorted or exaggerated way. Therefore, the subject of the work is based on what you see: color, shapes, brushstrokes, size, and scale. Realism: the treatment of forms colors space etc. in such a manner as to emprise their correspondence to actuality or to ordinary visual experience –a style of painting or sculpture developed around the 19th century in which scenes and figures are depicted as they are experienced or might be experienced in every day life.

Abstract art began in 1911 with such works as Picture with a Circle (1911) by the Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian, 1866-1944). Picture with a Circle (Bild mit Kreis), 1911. Oil on canvas. 54 11/16 x 43 11/16 in. (139 x 111 cm). Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi. © 2009 Artist Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

The Russian artist Wissily Kandinsky when as young artist happened to notice one of his paintings lying on its side. The evening light shining the painting, he observed, obscured what the painting represented, but what intrigued him was the form and colors he was perceiving this was for him a eureka moment what he realized was that his paintings did not need to represent any thing at all he had the realization that pure form could be potent in itself. This notion in its self is commonplace now it’s difficult to grasp how startling it must have been at the time.

Kandinsky's Impression III (Concert). photograph: städtische galerie im lenbachhaus, munich. © 2012 ars/adagp
Kandinsky's Impression III (Concert). photograph: städtische galerie im lenbachhaus, munich. © 2012 ars/adagp In the early part of 1911 Kandinsky being an avid lover of music went to a performance of the celebrated Avant...
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