Absolutism-what is

Topics: Absolute monarchy, Monarchy, Sovereignty Pages: 2 (724 words) Published: April 17, 2013
Absolutism, the word alone sounds powerful and it is because absolutism that throughout history there have been those who welded enormous power. According to the Webster Dictionary, absolutism is "the government with unlimited power vested in one individual group. It is used primarily to describe the 18-th century European monarchies that claimed divine hereditary right to rule." During this period people were swayed and even seemingly brainwashed into believing that those of “nobility” were sent by God and were the powers of God here on earth. In this case, the King was the representative of God on Earth, and his will was to be obeyed. France and England both had their own form of absolutism; however both came up with a political ruling system that were very different from each other. In actuality they were opposing to each other. This is how it was in the 17th century. The main difference was that France developed an absolute system, while England developed a system that was more of a constitutional monarchy. England’s political system of constitutional monarchy was actually a more effective form of Absolutism than France’s approach to centralizing uniformity. In France, Louis the XIV was an absolute monarch. This meant that he was the ruler of rulers. Louis was treated as if he was God, and this was because he was viewed as God. Louis cut a deal with the Pope by telling him the he would make all of France Catholic if he would have a greater share of the more important church revenues, and more control over the Arch Bishops. Absolutism is a political theory and form of government where unlimited, complete power is held by a centralized sovereign individual, with no checks or balances from any other part of the nation or government. In effect, the ruling individual has ‘absolute’ power, with no legal, electoral or other challenges to that power. In practice, historians argue about whether Europe saw any true absolutist governments, or how far...
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