Absenteeism: High School and Students

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Providence College

DigitalCommons@Providence
Social Work Student Papers Social Work

5-1-2008

The Contributing Factors to Student Absenteeism/Truancy and the Effectiveness of Social Services and Interventions Courtney Hocking
Providence College, courtneyleigh23@comcast.net

Hocking, Courtney, "The Contributing Factors to Student Absenteeism/Truancy and the Effectiveness of Social Services and Interventions" (2008). Social Work Student Papers. Paper 18. http://digitalcommons.providence.edu/socialwrk_students/18

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THE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS TO STUDENT ABSENTEEISM/ TRUANCY AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAL SERVICES AND INTERVENTIONS

A project based upon an independent investigation, submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Social Work.

Courtney Hocking Providence College Providence, Rhode Island 2008

2 Courtney Hocking The Contributing Factors to Student Absenteeism/ Truancy and The Effectiveness of Social Services and Interventions

ABSTRACT One major issue that schools are currently facing and seeing little or no improvement with is effectively dealing with student absenteeism and truancy. Despite early interventions, programs are still failing to effectively motivate students to attend school. This research study examines the success of an implementation of a perfect attendance award within an elementary school to increase student attendance. An examination of student attendance from the 2006-2007 academic year and from the 20072008 academic year, suggested that the perfect attendance certificate distributed monthly to students with no absences for that month is a positive motivator for students to attend school every day. The data from the months of September, October and November in the 2006-2007 year had a mean score of 54.5 and the 2007-2008 year had a mean score of 59.5, which indicated from an Independent Samples Test that the data proves to be statistically significant, thus the certificates accounted for increased attendance rates. Follow up surveys also provide evidence that the attendance certificates are an overall positive motivator for students and help to increase student attendance at one elementary school. Recognizing student’s strengths of attending school every day is a powerful tool of empowerment, and reduces absenteeism.

3 Outline I. Introduction A. The problem facing schools is how to effectively deal with student absenteeism and truancy. a. b. Interventions used to control truancy/absenteeism Effects of truancy/absenteeism

B. Attendance rates do not seem to be improving a. b. National statistics Rhode Island statistics

II.

Main Points A. Absenteeism a. Ranges within all ages i. ii. iii. iv. b. Pre-Kindergarten/Kindergarten years Elementary years Middle School years High School years

Educational/ short term consequences i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. Miss out on assignments Classroom connections are not made Fall behind in school work Poor social skills Isolation from friends Failure to be passed to the next grade

c.

Factors contributing to students not attending school i. ii. iii. iv. transportation problems bad weather poor health unsupportive family environment

B. Truancy a. Unexcused/unlawful absences

4 i. ii. Parents are usually unaware Students are often engaged in promiscuous activities outside

the home b. Influenced by contributing factors i. ii. iii. iv. c. Peers Relations with teachers The set up of the curriculum Bullying

Long term consequences i. ii. Joblessness Lowered income

d.

Legal consequences i. ii. iii. Juvenile delinquency Alcohol and drug use Sexual promiscuity at...
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