"Absenteeism and Labour Turnover in Selected Ontario Industries" Gordon Robertson Relations industrielles / Industrial Relations, vol. 34, n° 1, 1979, p. 86-107.
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Absenteeism and Labour Turnover in Selected Ontario Industries Gordon Robertson
The primary objective of this survey is therefore to collect enough data to in order that comparisons of absenteeism and labour turnover can be made within various régions and industries in Ontario. The study also provides gênerai information on the extent, nature and relative importance of various human problems.
During the past few years the Ontario Ministry of Labour has received many requests for information on the magnitude of absenteeism and labour turnover in the Province of Ontario. The need for such information was considered to be particularly great because no comprehensive data on absenteeism and labour turnover were available at the national, provincial, or régional levels. In response to this need the Research Branch of the Ontario Ministry of Labour undertook a spécial survey of thèse problems in selected firms throughout the Province. This work was given additional impetus by the décision of the fédéral and provincial governments to carry out a joint study of Northwestern Ontario, l a région where labour turnover in particular was believed to contribute significantly to imbalances in the labour market. Data on absenteeism and labour turnover can be of use at many levels. If it is agreed that organizational effectiveness, including productivity, is inversely related to the magnitude of absenteeism and turnover, 2 then such data may help individual establishments assess their own effectiveness by comparing their expériences with thèse two * ROBERTSON, Gordon, Senior Economist, Research Branch, Ontario Ministry of Labour 1 This article is based on a study carried out as a component of the Northwest Ontario Manpower Adustment Study entitled: Labour Turnover and Absenteeism in Selected Industries : Northwest Ontario: and Ontario. 2 For an interesting view, see J. Price, «The Effect of Turnover on the Organization, » Organization and Administrative Sciences (Spring-Summer 1976): 61-68.
ABSENTEEISM AND LABOUR TURNOVER IN SELECTED ONTARIO INDUSTRIES
phenomena with those of other establishments. At the régional, provincial, and national levels thèse data can be useful as socio-economic indicators reflecting both the ability of the labour market to adjust to changing conditions and to a lesser extent the degree of satisfaction that workers find in their jobs. The primary objective of this survey is therefore to collect enough data to in order that comparisons of absenteeism and labour turnover can be made within various régions and industries in Ontario. The study also provides gênerai information on the extent, nature and relative importance of various human problems.3 DEFINITIONS
Although a voluminous literature has been written on absenteeism no définition of it has been generally accepted, probably because the définitions that hâve been formulated dépend heavily...