Abraham Maslow and Motivation

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Abraham Harold Maslow was born on April 1, 1908, in Brooklyn, New York. American psychologist Abraham Maslow was a member of the humanistic school of psychology. Maslow proposed a theory of motivation based on a categorization of needs, suggesting that an individual progress from satisfying basic needs such as those for food and sex to satisfying the highest need for what he called self-actualization or the fulfillment of one's potential. Mallow believed that self-actualization could only be attained once basic needs had been met.

In 1954 American psychologist Abraham Maslow proposed that all people are motivated to fulfill a hierarchical pyramid of needs. At the bottom of Maslow’s pyramid are needs essential to survival, such as the needs for food, water, and sleep. The need for safety follows these physiological needs. According to Maslow, higher-level needs become important to us only after our more basic needs are satisfied. These higher needs include the need for love and belongingness, the need for esteem, and the need for self-actualization (in Maslow’s theory, a state in which people realize their greatest potential).

The cornerstone of Maslow’s position is his theory of motivation that he first posed in two articles published in 1943 when Brooklyn College (1943a, 1943b). Maslow centered his theory of motivation on the hierarchy of human needs. He contended that humans have a number of needs that are “instinctoid”, that is, innate. The American psychologist Abraham Maslow devised a five level hierarchy of motives that, according to his theory, determine human behavior. Maslow ranks human needs as follows: (1) physiological needs; (2) safety needs; (3) belongingness and love needs; (4) esteem needs; (5) self – actualization.

Physiological needs, These are the needs directly related to survival that we share with other animals. These are basic needs such as food, water, sex, elimination and sleep. Theses needs are extremely important and must be...
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