Abraham Lincoln the 16th President

Topics: American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln, Confederate States of America Pages: 10 (4248 words) Published: March 23, 2011
Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the United States. Lincoln was the man of humble origins who dedicated his whole life in the service of the nation and its people. In 1860, Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States defeating Douglas, John Bell, and John C. Breckinridge along with Hannibal Hamlin as his running mate. As a president he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization. Lincoln’s greatest contribution is towards the anti-slavery movement, which later on resulted in the freedom of the slaves from the United States history. Abraham Lincoln was born Sunday, February 12, 1809, in a log cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky. Abraham was the son of Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, while his name comes from his paternal grandfather. Lincoln was the younger brother to his sister Sarah and elder to his younger brother Thomas who died in his infancy. His father was a carpenter and a farmer. His parents were members of a Baptist congregation, which had separated from another church due to opposition to slavery. When Lincoln was of the age of seven, his family moved to southern Indiana where Lincoln went to school with his sister Sarah for a short period of time. Later in the year 1818 his mother passed by because of milk sickness, a disease caused due to the consumption of milk of cows, which had grazed on poisonous white snakeroot. The following year his father married Sarah bush Johnston Lincoln, a mother of three children whom Abraham loved very much. Since his childhood Abraham was a very interested in reading and working in the fields. This results in a conflict with his father who was always in opposition about it. But Abraham didn’t give it up and he was constantly borrowing the books from his neighbors and persuaded his informal studies. In 1830, Lincoln moved to New Salem, Illinois where he lived until 1837. While in new Salem, Lincoln gained a lot of experience while working in different jobs like: operating a store, surveying, and serving as a postmaster. Along with the different experiences because of his moral character, he got very popular in his locality and earned a nickname “Honest Abe”. Lincoln married Mary Todd in 1842 in Springfield and became the parents of four children: Robert (1843-1926), Edward (1846-1850), William (1850-1862), and Thomas (1853-1871). Among the four children only Robert Lincoln lived up to full maturity. Due to his interest in politics, Lincoln made an unsuccessful run for the Illinois legislature in 1832. But Lincoln didn’t give up and ran again in 1834, 1836, 1838, and 1840 and succeeded all the four times. Later in 1846 Lincoln ran for the United States House of Representatives and won. During his stay in Washington be gained popularity by standing strongly against the Mexican War and to slavery. After his term was over Lincoln returned home and was politically passive while was more serious in his law practice. The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, once again attracted Lincoln to the politics. Lincoln made an unsuccessful bid for the U.S. senate and instead got some support for the Republican Vice-Presidential nomination in 1856. In the year 1856 he gave his Lost Speech, also he gave his famous “House Divided” speech on June 16, 1858 in opposition to the Dred Scott decision in 1857. Abraham engaged himself in a continuous debate with Stephen A. Douglas in 1858; it was due to his opposite view towards the slavery issue. Despite the loss of senatorial race Lincoln gained a nationwide popularity and his popularity was further enhanced by his successful speech at the Cooper Institute in New York. In this speech Lincoln warned that the nation could not survive half-slave and half-free: it must be one or the other. He then impressed upon his audience the shrewd process pro-slavery forces employed to spread bondage across the land. The Taney Court's 1857 Dred Scott Decision denied the humanity of slaves and allowed their...
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