By: Alexandria Arnold
Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12th 1809 to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks in Hardin County Kentucky. “His Father Thomas was a strong and determined pioneer who found a moderate level of prosperity and was well respected in the community.” Little is known of his mother Nancy, she died in 1818and Thomas got remarried to Sarah Bush Johnston whom Abraham loved and accepted. Schooling wasn’t year round as it is now so he taught himself to read and write. In the year 1830 they all moved to Illinois, and Abraham moved to New Salem. Abraham had several jobs which he failed to excel in. In Springfield, Illinois Abraham met Mary Todd and together they had 4 children. He became a successful attorney. Political Ambitions
At a young age Abraham fought in the black hawk war against Indians . He also made an unsuccessful run for the Illinois legislature in 1832. He ran again in 1834, 1836, 1838, and 1840, and he won each time. In this time Abraham was apart of the Whig Party even though most of the focus of politicians had been on the Republican party. “As a young legislator, Lincoln generally voted along Whig Party lines. In 1837, Lincoln took highly controversial position that foreshadowed his future political path, joining with five other legislators—out of eighty-three—to oppose a resolution condemning abolitionists.”  So at first Lincoln was pro slavery. Political Risk
In 1846 Abraham won the Whig nomination for a seat from the Illinois 7th congressional district to the U.S. House Of Representatives. During this time America went to war with Mexico in the
“Mexican American War” And Lincoln made no comment on it which made him the winner to the seat. After he won the seat Abraham voiced his opinion about the war and he challenged the current president at the time James Polk credibility questioning if the Mexicans started the war. This was a very risky voice for his seat as a member of the House of Representatives. It was a risky move but many stood behind him because they agreed with his opinion. . “Although elected in 1854 again to the state legislature, he promptly resigned to run for the U.S. Senate, losing on the ninth ballot in the state legislature (which in those days chose U.S. Senators After his defeat, Lincoln abandoned the defunct Whig Party and joined the new Republican Party in 1856. This new national party was comprised of many former Whigs who opposed slavery—referred to as "Conscience Whigs"—Free-Soilers, and antislavery Democrats. The Republicans took a firm stand against slavery. They were dedicated to the repeal of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the prevention of the further extension of slavery westward. The new party also demanded the immediate admission of Kansas into the Union as a free state” President Lincoln's campaign was a race with Stephen A. Douglass'. He began his campaign with one of his famous speeches called “House Divided Speech” in Springfield, Illinois on June 16th, 1858. "A house divided against itself cannot stand."I believe this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved-- I do not expect the house to fall-- but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other.” he Stated . He was showing his opposition towards slavery at this time. Presidency
At Lincoln's inauguration on March 4, the new president said he had no plans to end slavery in those states where it already existed, but he also said he would not accept secession. He hoped to
resolve the national crisis without warfare. Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the sixteenth President of the United States, and the nation's first Republican President. Many Southerners view his victory, determined by the free states, as the final blow in decades of sectional conflict. Between the time of Lincoln's...