Employee selection is important as it is the process of recruiting and hiring employees who have the necessary qualifications to perform the jobs in an organization. Selecting the right employee is hampered in many situations by the available applicant pool (applicants available with the necessary skills) or a geographical location (the company is located in a remote area). Therefore, some companies take these things into consideration when recruiting efforts are initiated and selecting the best in class applicant may be the company's biggest challenge.
The selection process begins when a hiring need is identified. Some companies may develop specific job descriptions based on a new or existing opening. There may be a created position stemming from a new product or process. The job description may list the job tasks that are required to perform the necessary objectives and goals. The description may include the knowledge, skills and abilities (KSA's) required to adequately perform the job in a satisfactory manner. When the recruiting--the process of finding candidates through various resources--efforts begin, these KSA's are used to place ads and screen the resulting resumes.
Selection And Legal Responsibilities
To meet Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) requirements, responsible planning is needed in the selection process. Job descriptions need to be written in a manner that is non-discriminatory for age, race, sex, national origin and religious beliefs. For example, a receptionist position should not contain language about youthful appearance or a certain gender preference as this could be construed as discrimination due to age and gender. Federal and state laws, such as age discrimination (protection of age discrimination for those age 40-70), the pregnancy act (prohibits discrimination against pregnant women) and the Americans with Disabilities Act (requires reasonable accommodation of persons with disabilities) protect potential employees...
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