About Paulo Freire’s Philosophy of Education
In the banking concept of education, Paulo Freire states that the education students receive is “banking” because the teacher is constantly depositing information in the student's mind; information that is detached from reality and disconnected from its significance. He says that one of the biggest problems of this misguided system of education is the lack of creativity and inquiry. Freire affirms that “knowledge emerges only through invention and re-invention, trough the restless impatient, continuing; hopeful inquiry human beings pursue in the world, with the world ad with each other” Students need to question continuously, to find information and to be creative in order to mentally grow, to grow not in individualism but in interrelationships with the world and with other, problems not only related with themselves. Freire defines critical thinking as cognitive, creative, dialogical, objective and conscious, it is superseded by true knowledge. Critical consciousness would result in transforming the world rather than just intervening with it. The banking education regards man as adaptable manageable human beings, it stimulates oppression and its intention is to dominate trough the teacher. Oppressive education cannot develop critical consciousness in students because they only work at storing deposits of information instead of analyzing it. It minimizes the students' creative power this, which serves best the oppressor who cares neither to have the world revealed nor to see it transformed, like Freire says, “ the true interest of the oppressor lies in changing the consciousness of the oppressed, not the situation that oppresses them." Freire also states that “only through communication can human life hold meaning." One of the problems in schools in Puerto Rico is the lack of communication between teachers and students. Teachers believe that in order to maintain control and gain respect, they must impose themselves...
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