Topics: Abortion, Pregnancy, Roe v. Wade Pages: 17 (3722 words) Published: October 28, 2013
Brooke Morris

 Professor McGriff

 Comp II

 26 November 2012

 3,584 words 


    Abortions are one of the many things that everyone has an opinion on. As defined by the 2012 Merriam-Webster dictionary,

an Encyclopedia Britannica Company, an abortion is, “the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or

closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus as a spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus during the first 12 weeks of 

gestation--miscarriage, the induced expulsion of a human fetus, or the expulsion of a fetus by a domestic animal often due to

infection at any time before completion of pregnancy.” Abortions have always been and will probably always be a controversial

topic in which everyone will not agree upon. In the midst of the controversy, two groups have emerged. These groups are

referred to as pro-life and pro-choice. According to Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context, pro-life supporters claim that life

begins at conception, therefore, abortion at any stage in the pregnancy is murder. They believe that life is valuable and the 

life of the unborn baby has the same rights as the mother. Pro-choice supporters, on the other hand, claim that it is the

woman’s right to choose what she does with her body. These pro-abortionists claim that anti-abortionists are truly against the

rights of women and free choice rather than the termination of the fetus. Pro-life and pro-choice advocates differ in many of

their opinions, specifically, concerning when life begins, affects abortions have on the mother, and how politics and religion

play a role in abortions. 

    In order to fully understand any topic, a complete explanation is required. Therefore, the history of abortions and different

procedures used are no exception. Abortions have been around for thousands of years. However, in the eighteen hundreds

abortions in the United States became illegal. Due to the lack of medical education, procedures and surgeries such as

abortions were very dangerous. As medical advancements were made, women still had to rely on back ally abortions which

usually resulted in the harm of thousands of women. Abortions remained illegal, despite the medical advancements largely

impart to the fact that physicians did not want to share their patients with other practitioners. The American Medical

Association stated that abortions were wrong and unsafe. Therefore, according to the National Abortion Federation, abortions

were then made into a “physicians-only” practice because they could be performed legally in order to save the woman’s life. It

was not until 1973 that abortions were made legal in the United States due to a Supreme Court decision in Roe vs Wade by

ruling that “Americans’ right to privacy included the right of a woman to decide whether to have children, and the right of a

woman and her doctor to make that decision without state interference”. Today, there are restrictions in order to better

educate the women concerning what they are about to do and parental consent for minors. However, abortions are one

hundred percent legal and cannot be denied to any adult, woman. 

    Abortions are performed in a myriad of different procedures which are based upon how far along into the pregnancy a

woman is. During the first trimester of pregnancy, there are two options. A woman can either have a medical abortion, within

the first nine weeks, or a surgical abortion. According to the American Pregnancy Association, two types of medical abortions

include: Methotrexate and Mioprostol (MTX) as well as Mifepristone and Misoprotol. The MTX medication combination is not

as commonly used as Mifepristone and Misoprotol which is many people in the United states know as RU-486, the abortion

pill, and Mifeprex. Two surgical...
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