Abortion Should Be Banned!

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Abortion is a legal medical method to stop the premature delivery that is adopted in most countries of the world. It was legalized many years ago but nowadays we live in the civilized society where the human life is the most precious treasure and the question about the appropriateness of abortions is of current importance. Nowadays there are two opposing camps who present their arguments. People who support abortion insist that prohibition of it will deprive people of their rights to have free choice. On the contrary, people who stand for banning abortion claim that abortion deprive a human being from the right to live. Every person must decide for himself what is more important: deprivation of choice or deprivation of life. Another point of issue is whether prohibition of abortion is deprivation of rights. The history of abortion debate is long and complex.

Individual position on this issue is influenced by social, ethical, and legal issues. Abortion has become a subject of concerns of different political and social organizations. In the United States those, who stand for banning abortion, describe themselves as pro-life and those, who are against banning, name themselves as pro-choice. There are several groups of arguments against abortion. Conditionally arguments against abortion can be divided into religious, medical, legal, ethical and philosophical arguments. Opinion on abortion is split practically equal in the United States and in Europe, the only difference between this two groups of people is the question of consciousness. While the first group of people who stand for abortion make their choice from practical point of view and do not think much on this problem, the second group present serious arguments and take into account moral point of view. Arguments against abortion may be divided into three groups: scientific proof, legal issues and moral arguments. Science states that life begins at the moment of conception and this fact is proved by numerous researches. “Contrary to what many non-scientists believe, human beings are not constructed in the womb - they develop. In fact, all the major organ systems are initiated within the first three weeks after conception.” (Marquis, 198). The process of embryonic development is long-term process and it is impossible to say exactly when it starts and when the fetus becomes a child. “Fetal rights” is a comparatively new notion, which stands for new judicial, social and moral norm. This notion means that unborn children possess their own rights and deserve same treatment and protection as children do (Coady, 1997). This means that women can be criminally charged for causing voluntary of involuntary harm to their unborn children. The legal argument is easily explained by the US Constitution. It preserves the rights of all persons and the right for life among them. “ The legal definition of murder for the state of California will be examined to demonstrate its logical fallacies. For the state of California, personhood is not established by an impartial set of criteria, but by the whims of another person” (McMaham, p. 89).The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act adopted in 2003 became the culmination of struggle against abortion .This act prohibits intact dilation and extraction, sometimes also referred as partial-birth abortion. According to this law partial-birth abortion and any assistance to it is considered illegal. Later it was challenged in court but 27 states joined this act and prohibited partial-birth abortion. Partial-birth abortions are usually made after the beginning the second trimester of pregnancy (Pauli, E., Haller, p. 110). People who stand against abortion insist that the law should ban any kind of abortions during second trimester but Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act deals only with the method of abortion and does not mention any time span. All arguments give by those, who support abortion are base on the idea that women should be able to make their own choices...
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