Abortion Poses Moral, Social and Medical Dilemmas

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During the past century, abortion has joined race and war as one of the most debatable subjects of controversy in the United States. It discusses human interaction, where ethics, emotions and law are combined. Abortion poses moral, social and medical dilemmas that focus many individuals to create an emotional and violent atmosphere.

There are many points of view toward abortion, but the two most common are "pro-choice" and "pro-life". A pro-choice person would feel that the decision to abort a pregnancy is that of the mother's and the state should have no right to interfere. A pro-life person believes that from the moment of conception, the embryo or fetus is alive. In the United States about 1.6 million pregnancies end in abortion. Women with incomes under eleven thousand are over three times more likely to have an abortion than women with incomes above twenty-five thousand. Recently the United States rate has dropped six percent overall, but the rate of abortion among girls younger than 15 jumped up to 18% and the rate among minorities climbed from 186 per 1,000 to 189 per 1,000.

In 1973, Roe challenged a Texas law that prohibited abortions except to save a woman's life. Justice Harry Blackmun, found the 14th Amendment's guarantees of personal liberty and previous decisions protecting privacy in family matters included a woman's right to terminate her pregnancy. The Supreme Court ruled that in the first trimester (13 weeks) of pregnancy, state laws and regulations couldn't interfere with a woman's right to terminate a pregnancy. During the second trimester (14-24 weeks), state laws and regulations can regulate abortion in order to protect a woman's health. During the last trimester (after 24 weeks) and after the fetus is a viable, state law and regulations may prohibit abortion except when it is necessary to preserve the life or health of the woman.

Now in force in eleven states, informed consent laws require women to receive state-mandated laws, lectures...