Jonathan Glover, in his article Matters of Life and Death casts dispersions on both pro-abortion and anti-abortion debates citing them as too knee-jerk emotional reactions diminishing the inherent complexity of the other side (1. Glover, CC2006, p. 0110). Glover comprehensively addresses the key points of both sides of the abortion debate and evaluates their inherent virtues, especially for those who hold these opinions, then methodically points out its flaws. Ultimately, Glover comes to the conclusion that though a fetus is a human at the moment of conception, the right to abort lies with the mother and her own self-determination. Glover begins his article by claiming that the status of the fetus, historically, has been solely discussed by and been determined by men and it has only been in relative recent history that women entered the debate and claimed the bearing of children was so intrinsic to the life women that the fetus was essentially controlled by women and to deny them decisions over their fetuses was a grave injustice (2. Glover, CC2006, p. 0105-6). This argument will later frame Glover's view that abortion is solely a woman's choice and that the moral underpinnings are up to her to decide. Elaborating on the idea of how linked women are to pregnancy, Glover points out the grim reality of however awful the nine months of unwanted pregnancy is pales to the state of a family throughout the lifetime of having to rear an unwanted child (3. Glover, CC2006, p. 0106). Glover espouses the virtues of abortion in maintaining functional families, preventing terrible physical afflictions and curbing world overpopulation and how these benefits are being usurped by the restrictive views and politics of abortion (4. Glover, CC2006, p. 0114). The consideration of the wholesomeness of family is often overlooked by the one-dimensional anti-abortion arguments who seem only to care about bringing the child into the world rather than how to make the child's life better once entering it. They assume that if the child is unwanted, then once born, there should be no qualms with giving it away without considering the fact that this is further emotional taxation for the new mothers who may or may not feel comfortable with letting their children or a part of them go, thus have to deal with raising the child. The choice to abort, then, seems like a viable route, but Glover counters by pointing out that pro-choice argument leaves no determination of the status of the fetus or in determining when a child has attained humanness. Throwing a wrench in the whole notion of viability, or ability to survive outside of the womb that set some sort of line in the sand for which stage of pregnancy abortion is frowned upon once crossed, Glover looks into the future and sees that new advancements in medical technology will make viability possible even earlier than previous advancements, so a situation where two identical stage fetuses differ in viability based simply on the technology immediately available to them resulting in one being saved and the other aborted (5. Glover, CC2006, p. 0106). If the notion of viability is fluid, then it must be thrown out as a point of debate about when humanness occurs, as well as any other checkpoint of pregnancy since pregnancy is a continuous process rather than defined stages and it becomes too difficult to pinpoint any one marker to argue whether or not that marker is a sign of humanness. It is in this way that Glover is able to do away with the whole time between conception and the birth of a child and point only to conception as the time that can unequivocally be maintained as the moment a fetus has attained humanness regardless of what advancements in science may tell us about what happens during pregnancy. Glover, by using conception as a starting point, was also deftly able to avoid the debate over the self-consciousness of a fetus (seeing as how it has been proven that newborns and infants...
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