In our country today we have many hot button issues. One of the most discussed matters being abortion. There are two main parties in this controversy that have very differing views on abortion. There are the pro- life people who believe that abortion is wrong and want it to be illegal. On the other side there are Pro-choice people who believe it is the choice of the woman on whether or not to bare a child full term or terminate the pregnancy. These two views have the support of many politicians and partially determine they way people vote. In this research paper we will address the differences in beliefs on abortion, the legal side of it, the political side, and the medical facts that are behind this controversy.
Abortions are quite common 1 in 3 woman have reported to have had abortion by the time they are 45. There are two different types of abortion. You can have an in-clinic abortion or take the abortion pill. The in-clinic abortion can be done it two ways, aspiration or dilation and evacuation. In aspiration they insert a vacuum like tube into the patients cervix and empty the uterus. Aspiration is used up to 16 weeks after you last period and is the most common in-clinic procedure. The other in-clinic procedure is dilation and evacuation in this procedure that used medical tools and a suction machine to empty the uterus. In abortions that are later Walkey 2
in the second trimester a needle may have to be injected into the abdomen to ensure the termination of the fetus. The other less invasive type of abortion is the abortion pill. When taking the abortion pill you have to take 2 pills over the course of 3 days. The first pill is given to you by you healthcare provider, which you take there, along with antibiotics. The abortion pill blocks your progesterone, which breaks the lining of the uterus. You are also prescribed another pill called Misoprostol, this pill causes, the uterus to empty. The abortion pill can be taken up to 9 weeks into your pregnancy.
On the pro-life side of the debate the main argument is that life starts at conception and by having an abortion you are ending a human life. In other words you are committing murder by having an abortion. America is one of the highest ranked countries for abortions. Pro-lifers also back up their decision with different factors that prove that abortions can cause problems. Having an abortion can lead to getting breast cancer, it can also lead to depression and suicidal thoughts. They believe that humanity or (personhood) starts at conception. Pro-life supporters also argue that having an abortion can cause many unwanted psychological effects including depression. There are also some concerns on the safety of the procedure. Woman who have had multiple abortions are more likely to have miscarriages, ectopic pregnancies and other complications.
On the other hand there is the pro-choice supporters who believe that it is the women’s right to choose whether or not to carry the baby to full term. Pro-choice people also believe that abortions should remain legal because in the event that someone was raped, could not afford the expenses of having and raising a child, or the health of the mother was in question having an abortion would be the only viable option. Another good argument that supports keeping abortion legal is going to cause more and more woman to have illegal abortions. Before abortions became legal many woman would go to unlicensed “doctors” and received abortions. The illegal abortions were almost always botched jobs and there were many awful side effects. For example you can become infertile, experience infection, contract disease, and cause you to have a miscarriage later in life. The pro-choice view is also shared by many associations including the American Psychological Association and American Sociological Association. They believe that it is a woman’s civil right to choose whether or not to bear a child full term. The main debate in...
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