December 5, 2011
The early termination of a pregnancy has been around for the past two centuries. While many people argue that everyone is entitled to their own choice, the recognition of prevention and alternative options are ignored. Abortions can be unsafe and harmful to the mother and are taking the life of an innocent child away. Legal abortions can be performed up until the sixteenth week of a pregnancy, and after that most doctors or clinics will choose not to perform the procedure. The moral question has always been whether or not it should be a woman’s decision to get an abortion. But in reality, the after effects and outcomes are to be acknowledged before sexual intercourse occurs, and if an “accident” is to transpire, the process of abortion within itself, the harmful side effects on the mother (both on her body and mind), and alternative options should all be considered before taking a life away. Word count: 154
Is it the easy way out?
Since being performed for the first time in 1547, abortion has later been defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary as the early termination of a pregnancy, resulting in the death of the embryo or fetus (Abortion- Definition). After many years of this controversial topic being discussed and argued, in 1973 the Supreme Court of the United States reviewed the court case of Roe versus Wade and legalized abortion (Gill). In 1976, an amendment was made to this legalization (Henshaw, Joyce, Dennis, Finer, & Blanchard, 2009). The Hyde Amendment supported by the Supreme Court, prohibited the use of federal funds, such as Medicaid for abortion unless the woman’s life was in danger (Henshaw, Joyce, Dennis, Finer, & Blanchard, 2009). Every year since, this amendment has been renewed (Henshaw, Joyce, Dennis, Finer, & Blanchard, 2009) and within the 38 years since the legalization in 1793, over 39 million abortions have been performed (How); concluding, one out of every four babies conceived is aborted (Real). Figure 1
As the numbers increase daily, many people within the United States and in other countries around the world began to argue their point of view. With this being said, each and every person is entitled to their own opinions and reasoning. While some feel abortion is the only way out of the unexpected life changing occurrence, others feel abortion is unethical, against human morality, as well as against their religious beliefs (Abortion Alternatives-Abortion). Although abortion has become common around the world, it is proven to be neither the healthiest way out nor should it be a back-up plan in case a pregnancy was to occur. Throughout middle and high schools across the United States, growing teens learn about the consequences of having sex to prevent abortions during the teenage years and later on in the adult life, but as shown in Figure 1 around 46-47% of the teens living in the U.S. have had sexual intercourse at least once (CDC, 2011). Before anyone decides to make the mature decision to engage in sexual interactions, all consequences must recognize. But because “accidents” do happen, the process of abortion within itself, the harmful side effects on the mother (both on her body and mind), and alternative options should all be well considered before the life of an innocent infant is murdered. Process of a Surgical Abortion
According to the American Pregnancy Association, five different types of surgical abortions are currently used (Surgical, 2006). Each of the five types of surgical abortions is performed depending on the specific stage a woman is in during her pregnancy (Surgical, 2006). Below, Figure 2 represents how many abortions are performed during each of the six stages of pregnancy. In 1998, 54 countries around the world either banned abortion entirely or permitted it only to save the life of the pregnant woman (Rakman, Katizol,...