An abortion is the termination of an unborn fetus or embryo. There are many different techniques of abortion. One technique called RU 486 (also known as the medication abortion or the abortion pill) is a nonsurgical abortion. When the pill is taken by the pregnant woman, who is no more than seven weeks pregnant, the woman will extract the embryo from her body. Many have died from this method and the FDA revises their warnings to all women that it can cause “serious side effects”, (Marcovitz, 92). Some of the most popular methods are D&X, D&C, and D&E, vacuum aspiration, and prostaglandin. Many women who receive these types of abortions might deal with complications such as an incomplete abortion (meaning the woman still have some parts of the fetus left inside of her), infection, bleeding, damage to the uterus, complications from anesthesia, and death, (Costa, 174).
The D&X, D&C, and D&E procedures all require surgery. The D&C, dilation and curettage, is used for uterine conditions in non-pregnant women. However, as an abortion method it dismembers the baby. This can cause hemorrhage and sepsis for the woman, (Abortion). The D&E, dilation and evacuation, technique is performed on women that are 13 to 20 weeks pregnant. The D&E and D&X, dilation and extraction, procedure are quite similar to each other and both are late pregnancy abortions. However, D&X is the removal of the fetus intact and is rarely done by doctors. It is said in a study in 2000 that only, “31 doctors, hospitals, and clinics…practiced the procedure,” (Marcovitz, 84). Sometimes after the D&X procedure, the baby is still alive but is often left to die.
Vacuum aspiration is known as a suction abortion and, also, dismembers the fetus. Unlike the D&X, D&C, and D&E, the vacuum aspiration is most commonly used on women for non-medical reasons, (Abortion). With the vacuum aspiration women say that the pain feels like strong menstrual cramps and some say that the pain is a lot worse than just cramps. Because of that complaint, numbing medications are used and the doctors use relaxing medication while the patient is awake.
Prostaglandin is an alternative late abortion drug. The prostaglandin method causes strong contractions in the womb expelling the fetus, which most likely kills the fetus in the process. However, sometimes the fetus is born alive. In later abortions of the prostaglandin, the doctors inject a poison urea into the womb to ensure that the fetus doesn’t survive, (Abortion).
There are many techniques to getting an abortion. By choice any woman can have one, but that doesn’t mean that the government can’t deny them the right to. Laws and Policies in the United States include that all abortions are to, “be performed by a licensed physician in a medical setting,”, abortions are only to be done in the second trimester (12 through 24 weeks) to protect maternal health, and the state can limit abortions to women when the fetus is capable of living independent without artificial life support if only their continued pregnancy is life-threatening, (Costa, 103). The United States believes that women should only get abortions if their situation is life-threatening and makes an exception for women to get them in their first trimester of pregnancy. When a woman goes to the clinic to get an abortion she...