Abortion is a topic everyone has an opinion on. Abortion as defined on Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortion), a free online Encyclopedia; is the termination of a pregnancy from the uterus of a fetus or an embryo before viability (independent survival). Pregnancy is the fertilization of an ovum and a sperm, and its development in the uterus throughout the gestational period. An abortion is the intentional termination as oppose to a miscarriage, which is the spontaneous termination of a pregnancy. Abortion is and will always be a controversial issue in which everyone will not agree upon. Two main groups that have been derived throughout the controversy are Pro-Life and Pro-Choice. According to Gale’s Opposing Viewpoints in Context, Pro-Life supports the claim that life starts at conception; and abortion at any stage of a pregnancy is murder. Life is valuable to them; therefore the unborn child has the same rights as the mother. Pro-Choice, on the other hand, supports the claim that it is the woman’s right to choose what she does with her body. Pro-Life and Pro-Choice advocates differ in many of their opinions, for example, when life begins, effects of abortion on the mother, and how politics and religion play a role in abortion. A complete explanation is required in order to fully understand a topic. The different procedures and history of abortion are no different. Grounds on which abortion is permitted in Belize are, to save the life of the woman, to preserve physical health, to preserve mental health, fetal impairment and economic or social reasons. Abortion is not permissible in the case of rape or incest, and availability. These permissible abortions must be performed by a registered medical practitioner only if authorized by two other medical practitioners. In spite of circumstances under which abortions can be legally performed, penalties imposed in cases of illegal abortions are severe. The person performing the abortion, including a...
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