Introduction: Humanity has always yielded to the pressure of different chemical substances that eventually caused it irreparable damage. Finding the “cure” from the damage obtained was the next step. And it seems that only now, when the number of the diseases caused by different substances has reached its peak, people have finally understood that the best “cure” is the prevention of any forms of substance abuse. Alcohol is not the last one in the list of these destructive substances. It is the “companion” of any significant event occurring in the life of modern people or even an everyday way to relax and get away from all the difficulties. People relax and forget that they are supposed to think not only about their health but also about the health of their future offspring. This especially concerns women, as they are the ones to deliver the next generation into the world. A woman’s organism is a lot more influenced by any external chemical influences and alcohol becoming woman’s frequent “companion” becomes a real threat for the health of the nation. The contemporary medical world is very much concerned with the female alcohol abuse phenomenon and the appearance of a group of inclinations known as the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is nowadays one of the major worries prenatal medicine is facing. This syndrome is the giant problem, which needs to be fixed desperately. It is very important to understand its nature, forms of development and irreparable consequences in order to analyze the range of the problem.
2. FAS and possible outcomes. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a terms used to define a number of various physical and mental defects of a baby that can appear when a woman drinks alcohol during the period of her pregnancy. This syndrome unites different degrees inclinations in the psychophysical development of a newborn. The word “fetal” indicates an accent on the prenatal nature of the syndrome generation. A woman’s refusal to abstain from alcohol during her pregnancy may result in severe pathologies of her fetus. AS alcohol is the substance that causes these pathologies it is necessary to define what fit in this category. The term alcohol is applicable for: beer, wine, whiskey, vodka or other drinks containing this denominination. In other words alcohol with its most dangerous for the fetus product ethanol, which is so quickly adopted by the female organism, causes a wide range of destructive consequences. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome affects three major spheres of the fetus development:
1. Growth retardation, which includes such manifestations as the reduction of normal weight and length of a newborn infant. This pathology starts during the prenatal period and continues in the postnatal development of the child, creating new problems.
2. Damage of the Central Nervous System (CNS). This brain damage is the primary, irreversible danger of the syndrome, which directly leads to a group of different disorders that depend on what brain areas, are especially damaged. In some cases the brain is change make the brain severely deformed and unrecognizable. These possible disorders include learning disabilities and inclinations in the behavior of children with FAS.
3. The third sphere, which is influenced by alcohol, is the appearance of the infant. Facial and head changes that occur under the influence of alcohol a can be corrected by a surgeon although sometimes remain “invariant”. These abnormalities include the size of eyes and head and many other features [Goodstadt, 1984].
This “disabilities” caused by alcohol last a lifetime and therefore completely change the life of the child and those people who will take care of him. Therefore, people who have been exposed to alcohol during their fetal development suffer throughout their whole lives sometimes not even having a small hope to find their places in life and not being even “comparatively” independent. They cannot concentrate, talk too much and are not capable of...
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